Toward Democracy, Human Rights and Federalism

Friday, February 3, 2012

Structure of National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma (NCGUB)

http://www.ncgub.net/mediagallery/download.php?mid=20070512124521342

Prime Minister Dr. Sein Win
Minister for Federal and Ethnic Affairs Khon Manko Ban
Minister for Foreign Affairs U Bo Hla-Tint
Minister for Information and Public Relations Dr. Tint Swe
Minister of the Prime Minister's Office U Win Hlaing
Minister for Labor Affairs Khun Myint Tun
Minister for Education U Tun Win

Dr Sein Win was re-elected as prime minister after elected representatives cast their secret ballots at the Fourth Congress of the Members of Parliament Union in Malahide, Ireland, on 23 January 2009.

Dr Sein Win nominated six elected representatives as members of his Cabinet and the MPU Congress also confirmed their nominations through secret ballots.

Institutions NCGUB established

Democratic Voice of Burma (DVB) was established on July 19, 1992 funded by Norwegian Government. Prime Minister Dr. Sein Win has been a member of the Board of Directors. Later, DVB became an independent radio station.

National Health and Education Committee (NHEC), providing health and education assistance to ethnic nationalities and schools, was established and it has been closely working with NCGUB until now.

Euro-Burma Office (EBO) was established and it has been providing programs, financial and logistics to ethnic and political organizations. It is also became an independent EBO office in Europe.

National Reconciliation Program was established under the EBO to reestablish mutual understanding and reconciliation between different ethnic groups and factions with the aim to achieve unity among all ethnic groups.

The Burma Fund (TBF), think tank organization working for the NCGUB, was established. It has been publishing research papers and providing and consulting economic, political, and regional forums.

NOTE:
- U Win Hlaing submitted his resignation in 2011
- U Khun Myint Tun submitted his resignation in 2011
- U Tun Win resettled in the States in 2011

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NCGUB အမ်ဳိးသားၫြန္ ့ေပါင္းအစုိးရ၊ ျဖစ္ေပၚ-ေျပာင္းလဲျခင္း အဆင့္ဆင့္

• ျပည္ေထာင္စုျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံ အမ်ဳိးသားၫြန္ ့ေပါင္းအစုိးရ National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma (NCGUB) သည္ (၁၉၉ဝ)ျပည့္ႏွစ္ ပါတီစံုဒီမိုကေရစီ အေထြေထြ ေရြးေကာက္ပြဲတြင္ အႏိုင္ရထားသည့္ ျပည္သူ႔လႊတ္ေတာ္ကိုယ္စားလွယ္မ်ား၏ ျပည္တြင္း-ျပည္ပ လွ်ဳိ႕ဝွက္အစည္းအေဝး သေဘာတူညီခ်က္မ်ားအား အေျခခံလ်က္၊ လြတ္ေျမာက္နယ္ေျမရွိ အမ်ိဳးသားဒီမိုကေရစီ တပ္ေပါင္းစု (NDF) ႏွင့္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ ဒီမိုကေရစီမဟာမိတ္မ်ားအဖြဲ႔ခ်ဳပ္ (DAB) တို႔၏ အခုိင္အမာ ကူညီေထာက္ခံမႈျဖင့္ ေပၚေပါက္လာခဲ့ျခင္း ျဖစ္သည္။

• ၁၈-၁၂-၁၉၉ဝ ေန႔တြင္ ထိုင္း-ျမန္မာနယ္စပ္အနီး၊ (မာနယ္ပေလာ)၌ ထုတ္ျပန္ေၾကညာခဲ့ရာ “လြတ္လပ္ေသာ၊ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေသာ၊ ညီညြတ္ေသာ၊ သာယာဝေျပာေသာ၊ ေခတ္မီေသာ ျပည္နယ္ေပါင္းစု ျပည္ေထာင္စု တည္ေဆာက္ေရး အတြက္ ျပည္ေထာင္စုျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံ အမ်ဳိးသားၫြန္႔ေပါင္းအစုိးရကုိ ဖြဲ႔စည္းတည္ေထာင္လုိက္သည္”ဟု ပါရွိသည္။

• ၁၈-၁၂-၁၉၉ဝ ေန႔က ဖြဲ႔သည့္ အစိုးရအဖြဲ႔တြင္ ဝန္ႀကီးခ်ဳပ္ေဒါက္တာစိန္ဝင္းႏွင့္ ဝန္ၾကီးအဖြဲ႔ဝင္မ်ားမွာ ဦးဝင္းကုိ၊ ဦးပီတာလင္းပင္၊ ဦးသန္းၾကြယ္၊ ဦးလွေဖ၊ ဦးသိန္းဦး၊ ဦးဘုိလွတင့္၊ ဦးထြန္းဦးတို႔ျဖစ္ၾကသည္။

• ၂၅-၄-၉၁ ေန႔တြင္ အမ်ဳိးသားၫြန္႔ေပါင္းအစုိးရကုိ ျပင္္ဆင္တုိးခ်ဲ႕ဖြဲ႔စည္းရာ ဝန္ႀကီးခ်ဳပ္ ေဒါက္တာစိန္ဝင္းႏွင့္ ဝန္ၾကီးမ်ားအျဖစ္ ဦးပီတာလင္းပင္၊ ဦးဝင္းကုိ၊ ဦးလွေဖ၊ ဦးသိန္းဦး၊ ဦးဘုိလွတင့္၊ ဦးထြန္းဦး၊ ဦးေမာင္ေမာင္ေအး၊ ဦးျမင့္ေမာင္၊ ေဒါက္တာစန္းေအာင္ ႏွင့္ ဦးလွဦးတို႔ျဖစ္ၾကျပီး၊ အိႏၵိယသို႔ေရာက္ရွိေနေသာ ေဒါက္တာတင့္ေဆြအား ၁၉၉၂တြင္ အစုိးရ၏ အၾကီးတန္းကိုယ္စားလွယ္အျဖစ္ တာဝန္ေပးခဲ့သည္။

• ၁၉၉၂ ခုႏွစ္၊ ဇူလုိင္လ (၃၁) ရက္ေန႔တြင္ မာနယ္ပေလာစာခ်ဳပ္ ေခၚ ဖက္ဒရယ္ျပည္ေထာင္စု ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံေတာ္ တည္ေဆာက္ေရး သေဘာတူညီခ်က္ကို အမ်ဳိးသားၫြန္႔ေပါင္းအစုိးရ ဝန္ႀကီးခ်ဳပ္ ေဒါက္တာစိန္ဝင္း၊ ျမန္မာျပည္ ဒီမိုကရက္တစ္ မဟာမိတ္အဖြဲ႔ခ်ဳပ္ (DAB) ဥကၠဌ ေစာဘိုျမ၊ အမ်ဳိးသားဒီမိုကေရစီတပ္ေပါင္းစု (NDF) ဥကၠဌ ႏိုင္ေရႊက်င္၊ အမ်ိဳးသားဒီမိုေရစီအဖြဲ႔ခ်ဳပ္ (လြတ္ေျမာက္နယ္ေျမ) (NLD/LA) အတြင္းေရးမွဴး ဦးတင္ေအာင္တို႔က လက္မွတ္ေရးထိုး ခဲ့ၾကသည္။

• ၁၉၉၅ ခု၊ ဇူလုိင္လ (၁၆)ရက္မွ (၂၃)ရက္အထိ ျပည္ပေရာက္ ျပည္သူ႔လႊတ္ေတာ္ကုိယ္စားလွယ္မ်ား၏ ပထမအႀကိမ္ ညီလာခံကုိ ဆြီဒင္ႏုိင္ငံ၊ Bommersvik ၌ က်င္းပခဲ့ျပီး၊ အမ်ဳိးသားၫြန္႔ေပါင္းအစုိးရ၊ ဝန္ႀကီးအဖြဲ႔သစ္ ျပန္လည္ေရြးခ်ယ္ ဖြဲ႔စည္းရာ ဝန္ၾကီးခ်ဳပ္ ေဒါက္တာစိန္ဝင္း၊ ဝန္ၾကီးမ်ားအျဖစ္ ခြန္တယ္ဒီဘူးရီ၊ ေဒါက္တာတင့္ေဆြ၊ ဦးဘုိလွတင့္၊ ေဒါက္တာစန္းေအာင္၊ ဦးေမာင္ေမာင္ေအး၊ ခြန္မားကုိဘန္း၊ ဦးသိန္းဦး၊ ေဒါက္တာဇလွယ္ထန္းႏွင့္ ဦးသာႏုိးတို႔ျဖစ္ၾကသည္။ ညီလာခံက်င္းပႏုိင္ေရးအတြက္ (Olaf Palm International Centre) ႏွင့္ (Norwegian Burma Council) တုိ႔က အိမ္ရွင္အျဖစ္ ဖိတ္ၾကားခဲ့သည္။

• ၁၉၉၈ ခုႏွစ္၊ ဇြန္လ (၂၅) ရက္ေန႔တြင္ ျပည္ပေရာက္လႊတ္ေတာ္ကိုယ္စားလွယ္မ်ားက ၂၃၊ ၆၊ ၉၈ ေန႔စြဲျဖင့္ အမ်ဳိးသား ဒီမုိကေရစီအဖြဲ႔ခ်ဳပ္၏ (၂)လအတြင္း ျပည္သူ႔လႊတ္ေတာ္ ေခၚယူေပးရန္ (နအဖ) သုိ႔ တရားဝင္ စာေရးသားေတာင္းဆုိမႈကို ေလးေလးနက္နက္ ေထာက္ခံေၾကာင္း ေၾကညာခဲ့သည္။

• ၂ဝဝဝ ခု၊ ေအာက္တိုဘာလ (၂)ရက္မွ (၇)ေန႔အထိ၊ အုိင္ယာလန္ႏုိင္ငံ၊ ဒဗၺလင္ျမိဳ႔တြင္က်င္းပေသာ ျပည္သူ႔လႊတ္ေတာ္ ကုိယ္စားလွယ္ညီလာခံသုိ႔ ျပည္သူ႔လႊတ္ေတာ္ ကုိယ္စားလွယ္ (၁၉)ဦး တက္ေရာက္ခဲ့ၾကသည္။ ျပင္ဆင္ဖြဲ႔စည္းသည့္ အစိုးရအဖြဲ႔တြင္ ဝန္ၾကီးခ်ဳပ္ေဒါက္တာ စိန္ဝင္းႏွင့္ ဝန္ၾကီးမ်ားအျဖစ္ ခြန္မားကုိဘန္း၊ ဦးသိန္းဦး၊ ဦးဘုိလွတင့္၊ ဦးေမာင္ေမာင္ေအး၊ ဦးျမဝင္း၊ ေဒါက္တာတင့္ေဆြ၊ ေဒါက္တာစန္းေအာင္၊ ဦးသာႏုိးတို႔ ပါဝင္ၾကသည္။ ဦးျမဝင္းသည္ အေမရိကန္ ျပည္ေထာင္စု၌ ႏိုင္ငံေရး ခိုလံႈခြင့္ယူျပီးေနာက္ အစိုးရအဖြဲ႔တာဝန္မွ နားသျဖင့္ ေဒါက္တာတင့္ေဆြ သည္ ဝန္ၾကီးခ်ဳပ္ရံုးဝန္ၾကီးအျဖစ္ ေျပာင္းလဲတာဝန္ယူသည္။ ဦးေမာင္ေမာင္ေအးသည္ ပညာ-က်န္းမာဝန္ၾကီး အျဖစ္ ေျပာင္းလဲထမ္းေဆာင္သည္။

• ၂၅-၂-ဝ၂ မွ ၂-၃-ဝ၂ ေန႔အထိ ဆြီဒင္ႏိုင္ငံ၊ ဗြန္မာစဗစ္ျမိဳ႔၌က်င္းပသည့္ ဒုတိယအၾကိမ္၊ ျပည္သူ႔လႊတ္ေတာ္ ကုိယ္စားလွယ္ ညီလာခံသုိ႔ ျပည္သူ႔လႊတ္ေတာ္ကုိယ္စားလွယ္ (၁၉)ဦး တက္ေရာက္ခဲ့သည္။ ျပင္ဆင္ဖြဲ႔စည္းသည့္ အစိုးရအဖြဲ႔တြင္ ဝန္ၾကီးခ်ဳပ္ ေဒါက္တာစိန္ဝင္း ႏွင့္ ဝန္ၾကီးမ်ားအျဖစ္ ေဒါက္တာစန္းေအာင္၊ ေဒါက္တာတင့္ေဆြ၊ ခြန္မားကုိဘန္း၊ ဦးသိန္းဦး၊ ဦးေမာင္ေမာင္ေအး၊ ဦးဘုိလွတင့္၊ ဦးသာႏုိး တို႔ပါဝင္သည္။

• ၂ဝဝ၄ခုႏွစ္ မတ္လ (၂၁)မွ (၂၄) ေန႔အထိ အေမရိကန္ျပည္ေထာင္စု၏ ဝါရွင္တန္ျမိဳ႔ေတာ္တြင္ တတိယအၾကိမ္ ျပည္သူ႔လႊတ္ေတာ္ ညီလာခံက်င္းပရာ၊ ျပည္သူ႔လႊတ္ေတာ္ကိုယ္စားလွယ္ (၂ဝ) ဦးတက္ ေရာက္ခဲ့ၾကသည္။ ျပင္ဆင္ဖြဲ႔စည္းသည့္ အစိုးရအဖြဲ႔တြင္ ဝန္ၾကီးခ်ဳပ္ ေဒါက္တာစိန္ဝင္းႏွင့္ ဝန္ၾကီးမ်ားအျဖစ္ ေဒါက္တာစန္းေအာင္၊ ေဒါက္တာတင့္ေဆြ၊ ဦးဘုိလွတင့္၊ ဦးခြန္မားကုိဘန္းတို႔ ပါဝင္ၾကသည္။

• အဆိုပါညီလာခံမွ ဖြဲ႔စည္းေသာ ျပည္သူ႔လႊတ္ေတာ္ ကိုယ္စားလွယ္မ်ားအဖြဲ႔ ဦးေဆာင္ေကာ္မတီ Members of Parliament Union (MPU) Steering Committee တြင္ ဥကၠဌ ခြန္တယ္ဒီဘူးရီ၊ ဒု-ဥကၠဌ ဦးပီတာလင္းပင္၊ အတြင္းေရးမွဴး ေဒၚစန္းစန္း၊ ေကာ္မတီဝင္ ဦးေမာင္ေမာင္လတ္ႏွင့္ ဦးေမာင္ေမာင္ေအး တို႔ပါဝင္ၾကသည္။

• ၂ဝဝ၆ခုႏွစ္ ျပည္ေထာင္စုေန႔၌ ဖက္ဒရယ္ဖြဲ႔စည္းပံုအျခခံဥပေဒတြင္ အေျခခံရမည့္ မူၾကီး(၈)ခ်က္ကို ျပည္ပေရာက္ ျပည္သူ႔ လႊတ္ေတာ္ ကိုယ္စားလွယ္မ်ားက လက္မွတ္ေရးထိုးၾကသည္။

• ၂ဝဝ၆ ခုႏွစ္ ဇူလိုင္လ (၁ဝ-၁၅)ရက္၊ အီတလီႏိုင္ငံ၊ တူရင္ျမိဳ႔ ILO International Turin Training Center ၌ ျပည္သူ႔လႊတ္ေတာ္ကိုယ္စားလွယ္မ်ား စံုညီအစည္းအေဝးက်င္းပရာ ၾသစေၾတးလ်ႏုိင္ငံ၊ ထုိင္းႏုိင္ငံ၊ အိႏၵိယႏုိင္ငံ၊ ေနာ္ေဝႏိုင္ငံ၊ နယ္သာလင္ႏိုင္ငံႏွင့္ အေမရိကန္ျပည္ေထာင္စုေရာက္ ျပည္သူ႔လႊတ္ေတာ္ကိုယ္စားလွယ္ (၂၆) ဦးတက္ ေရာက္ခဲ့ၾကသည္။ ေတာ္လွန္ေရးအဖြဲ႔အစည္းမ်ားမွ ေခါင္းေဆာင္မ်ားႏွင့္လည္း ေဆြးေႏြးခဲ့သည္။ ဤဆိုပါ အစည္းအေဝးတြင္ ဦးသိန္းဦးအား ဖြဲ႔စည္းပံုႏွင့္ဥပေဒေရးရာဝန္ၾကီးအျဖစ္ထည့္သြင္းခဲ့သည္။ ခြန္တယ္ဒီဘူးရီသည္ (MPU) ဥကၠဌ တာဝန္မွ အနားယူခဲ့သည္။

• ၂ဝဝ၈ ခုႏွစ္ ေဖေဖၚဝါရီ (၁၄)မွ (၁၉)ရက္အထိ၊ ထိုင္း-ျမန္မာနယ္စပ္၌က်င္းပေသာ စတုတၴအၾကိမ္ ျပည္သူ႔ လႊတ္ေတာ္ ကိုယ္စားလွယ္မ်ား ညီလာခံ (ပဌမပိုင္း)သို႔ ျပည္သူ႔လႊတ္ေတာ္ ကိုယ္စားလွယ္ (၂၄) ဦးတက္ ေရာက္ခဲ့ၾကသည္။ ျပည္သူ႔လႊတ္ေတာ္ ကိုယ္စားလွယ္မ်ားအဖြဲ႔ကို ျပန္လည္ေရြးေကာက္တင္ေျမွာက္ရာ ဥကၠဌအျဖစ္ ဦးတက္ဒီဘူရီ၊ ဒု ဥကၠဌ ေဒၚစန္းစန္း၊ အတြင္းေရးမွဴး ဦးသိန္းဦး၊ တြဲဖက္ အတြင္းေရးမွဴး ဦးခြန္ျမင့္ထြန္း၊ ဦးေဆာင္ေကာ္မတီ ဝင္မ်ားအျဖစ္ ဦးလွဦး၊ ဦးႏိုင္ေသာင္းရွိန္၊ ဦးဝင္းလွိဳင္တို႔ ေရြးခ်ယ္ျခင္း ခံၾကရသည္။

• ၂ဝဝ၉ ဇႏၷဝါရီ (၂ဝ)မွ (၂၃)ရက္အထိ၊ အိုင္ယာလန္ႏိုင္ငံ၊ ဒပ္ဗလင္ျမိဳ႔အနီး၊ မာလာဟိုက္တြင္ စတုတၴအၾကိမ္ ျပည္သူ႔လႊတ္ေတာ္ ကိုယ္စားလွယ္မ်ား ညီလာခံ (ဒုတိယပိုင္း)က်င္းပျပီး၊ ဝန္ၾကီးခ်ဳပ္အျဖစ္ ေဒါက္တာစိန္ဝင္းအား မဲေပးေရြးခ်ယ္၍၊ ဝန္ၾကီးမ်ားအားလည္း ပဌမဆံုးအၾကိမ္ မဲေပးအတည္ျပဳခဲ့ရာ၊ ဦးဘိုလွတင့္အား ႏိုင္ငံျခားေရးဝန္ၾကီး၊ ေဒါက္တာတင့္ေဆြအား ျပန္ၾကားေရးႏွင့္ လူထုဆက္ဆံေရးဝန္ၾကီး၊ ဦးခြန္မာကိုဘန္းအား ဖက္ဒရယ္ႏွင့္ တိုင္းရင္းသားေရးရာဝန္ၾကီး၊ ဦးဝင္းလွိဳင္အား ဝန္ၾကီးခ်ဳပ္ရံုးဝန္ၾကီး၊ ဦးခြန္ျမင့္ထြန္းအား အလုပ္သမားေရးရာ ဝန္ၾကီး ႏွင့္ ဦးထြန္းဝင္း ပညာေရးဝန္ၾကီးတို႔ ပါဝင္ၾကသည္။

• အဆိုပါညီလာခံမွ လစ္လပ္သြားေသာ MPU Steering Committee)ေနရာမ်ားအတြက္ ဦးေမာင္ေမာင္ေအး အား တြဲဖက္အတြင္းေရးမွဴးႏွင့္ အဖြဲ႔ဝင္အျဖစ္ ဦးေအာင္ထြန္းစိန္တို႔အား မဲေပးေရြးခ်ယ္သည္။

• အဆိုပါညီလာခံမွပင္ NCGUB အစုိးရတိုးခ်ဲ႔ေရးအတြက္ ဆက္စပ္ညွိႏိႈင္းေရးေကာ္မရွင္အား ေဒါက္တာင့္ေဆြ၊ ဦးထန္လ်န္ေပါင္၊ ဦးပီတာလင္းပင္၊ ဦးခြန္ျမင့္ထြန္းႏွင့္ ဦးေမာင္ေမာင္ေအး တို႔ျဖင့္ ဖြဲ႔စည္းလိုက္သည္။

မာနယ္ပေလာစာခ်ဳပ္
ဖက္ဒရယ္ျပည္ေထာင္စုျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံေတာ္တည္ေဆာက္ေရးသေဘာတူညီခ်က္

ျမန္မာျပည္သည္ လြန္ခဲ့ေသာႏွစ္ ေထာင္ေပါင္းမ်ားစြာကပင္ တုိင္းရင္းသားလူမ်ဳိးအသီးသီးတုိ႔ နယ္ေျမခ်င္းဆက္စပ္လ်က္ အတူတကြ အေျခခ်ေနထုိင္လာခဲ့သည့္ တုိင္းျပည္ျဖစ္သည္။ တုိင္းရင္းသားလူမ်ဳိးအားလုံး ပုိင္ဆုိင္သည့္ တုိင္းျပည္လည္းျဖစ္သည္။
ျမန္မာျပည္သည္ တုိင္းရင္းသားလူမ်ဳိးအားလုံး၏ ဆႏၵ ညီၫြတ္မႈကိုအေျခခံသည့္ စစ္မွန္ေသာ ဖက္ဒရယ္ျပည္ေထာင္စု တည္ေဆာက္ႏုိင္မွသာ စည္းလုံးခုိင္မာစြာ ရပ္တည္သြားႏုိင္မည္ျဖစ္သည္။ ဤသုိ႔ျဖစ္ေျမာက္ရန္အတြက္ ဗုိလ္ခ်ဳပ္ေအာင္ဆန္းႏွင့္တကြ တုိင္းရင္းသားေခါင္းေဆာင္ႀကီးမ်ားသည္ ၁၉၄၇ ခုႏွစ္ ေဖေဖာ္ဝါရီလ (၁၂) ရက္ေန႔တြင္ ပင္လုံစာခ်ဳပ္ကို ခ်ဳပ္ဆုိခဲ့ၾကသည္။ သုိ႔ရာတြင္ ဤစာခ်ဳပ္သည္ လက္ေတြ႔အေကာင္အထည္မေပၚခဲ့ေပ။

ယခု မဆလ၊ နဝတ စေသာ မဟာလူမ်ဳိးႀကီးဝါဒက်င့္သုံးသည့္ ဖက္ဆစ္အာဏာရွင္တုိ႔၏ ႀကီးစုိးမႈေၾကာင့္ တုိင္းရင္းသားလူမ်ဳိးစုမ်ား၏ အခြင့္အေရးမ်ား ဆုံး႐ႈံးေနၾကရသည္။ ျပည္သူလူထုသည္လည္း ဒီမုိကေရစီႏွင့္ လူ႔အခြင့္အေရးမ်ား ဆုံး႐ႈံးေနၾကရသည္။ တုိင္းရင္းသားစည္းလုံးညီၫြတ္ေရးပ်က္ျပားၿပီး ျပည္တြင္းစစ္မီး ေတာက္ေလာင္လ်က္ရွိသည္။

သုိ႔ျဖစ္၍ ျမန္မာျပည္ရွိ တုိင္းရင္းသားလူမ်ဳိးအားလုံး၊ ျပည္သူလူထုအားလုံးသည္ စစ္အာဏာရွင္အား အျပဳတ္တုိက္ၿပီးေနာက္ အမ်ဳိးသားတန္းတူေရးႏွင့္ ကိုယ္ပုိင္ျပ႒ာန္းခြင့္ရွိသည့္ ဒီမုိကေရစီႏွင့္ အေျခခံလူ႔အခြင့္အေရးမ်ားရွိသည့္ ဖက္ဒရယ္ျပည္ေထာင္စုႏုိင္ငံေတာ္ကုိ တည္ေဆာက္လုိၾကသည္။

တန္းတူမႈ၊ လြတ္လပ္မႈ၊ စည္းလုံးညီၫြတ္မႈ၊ လုံၿခဳံမႈ၊ ခ်စ္ၾကည္ရင္းႏွီးမႈ၊ အျပန္အလွန္ေလးစားမႈ၊ ဖြံၿဖိဳးတုိးတက္မႈရွိသည့္ ျပည္ေထာင္စုကို တည္ေဆာက္ႏုိင္ရန္အတြက္ အဓိကလုိအပ္ခ်က္မွာ စစ္အာဏာရွင္ႀကီးစုိးမႈအား တုိက္ဖ်က္ေရး၊ ဒီမုိကေရစီေရး၊ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးႏွင့္ စစ္မွန္ေသာ ဖက္ဒရယ္ျပည္ေထာင္စုတည္ေဆာက္ေရးတုိ႔ပင္ျဖစ္သည္။ ဤသုိ႔ေသာအေျခအေနတြင္ -
(၁) ျပည္ေထာင္စုျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံ အမ်ဳိးသားၫြန္႔ေပါင္းအစုိးရ
(၂) အမ်ဳိးသားဒီမုိကေရစီအဖြဲ႔ခ်ဳပ္ (လြတ္ေျမာက္နယ္ေျမ)
(၃) ျမန္မာျပည္ဒီမုိကရက္တစ္မဟာမိတ္အဖြဲ႔ခ်ဳပ္
(၄) အမ်ဳိးသားဒီမုိကေရစီတပ္ေပါင္းစု

အဖြဲ႔အစည္း (၄) ဖြဲ႔တုိ႔သည္ ၁၉၉၂ ခုႏွစ္၊ ဇူလုိင္လ (၃၁) ရက္ေန႔တြင္ မာနယ္ပေလာဌာနခ်ဳပ္၌ ေအာက္ပါအတုိင္း အခုိင္အမာ သေဘာတူညီၾကသည္။
၁။ မဟာလူမ်ဳိးႀကီးဝါဒကုိလည္းေကာင္း၊ စစ္အာဏာရွင္စနစ္ကုိလည္းေကာင္း၊ မဟာလူမ်ဳိးႀကီးဝါဒႏွင့္ ဖက္ဆစ္စစ္အာဏာရွင္စနစ္ကုိ က်င့္သုံးသည့္ နဝတအားလည္းေကာင္း အဆုံးတုိင္ အတူတကြ ဆန္႔က်င္တုိက္ဖ်က္သြားမည္။`
၂။ နဝတစစ္အာဏာရွင္ႀကီးစုိးမႈ ခ်ဳပ္ၿငိမ္းၿပီးေနာက္ လြတ္လပ္ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းသည့္ အေျခအေနတြင္ တုိင္းရင္းသားလူမ်ဳိးေပါင္းစုံ၊ ႏုိင္ငံေရးအဖြဲ႔အစည္းေပါင္းစုံ တက္ေရာက္ႏုိင္သည့္ စစ္မွန္ေသာအမ်ဳိးသားညီလာခံႀကီးကို ေခၚယူသြားမည္။
၃။ စစ္မွန္ေသာ ဖက္ဒရယ္ျပည္ေထာင္စု၏ ႏုိင္ငံေတာ္ဖြဲ႔စည္းအုပ္ခ်ဳပ္ပုံ အေျခခံဥပေဒကုိ တုိင္းရင္းသားလူမ်ဳိးအားလုံး၊ ျပည္သူလူထုတရပ္လုံး၏ ဆႏၵ ညီၫြတ္မႈကို အေျခခံ၍ ေရးဆြဲျပ႒ာန္းသြားမည္။
၄။ မည္သည့္လူမ်ဳိးကိုမွ် အခြင့္ထူးမေပးေရးႏွင့္ လူမ်ဳိးစု၊ မ်ဳိးႏြယ္စုအားလုံး၏ အေျခခံအမ်ဳိးသားအခြင့္အေရးမ်ားကို ခ်ဳပ္ခ်ယ္ကန္႔သတ္မႈမျပဳေရးမူကုိ က်င့္သုံးသြားမည္။
၅။ တုိင္းရင္းသားလူမ်ဳိးအားလုံး အမ်ဳိးသားတန္းတူေရးႏွင့္ ကိုယ္ပုိင္ျပ႒ာန္းခြင့္ရွိသည့္ ဒီမုိကေရစီႏွင့္ အေျခခံလူ႔အခြင့္အေရး အျပည့္အဝရွိသည့္ ဖက္ဒရယ္ျပည္ေထာင္စုကို တည္ေဆာက္သြားမည္။

ထုိသုိ႔တည္ေဆာက္ရာတြင္
(က) ကခ်င္၊ ကရင္၊ ကရင္နီ၊ ခ်င္း၊ ဗမာ၊ မြန္၊ ရခုိင္၊ ရွမ္း စသည့္ ျပည္နယ္မ်ားျဖင့္ စုေပါင္းဖြဲ႔စည္းထားသည့္ အမ်ဳိးသားျပည္နယ္ေပါင္းစု ျပည္ေထာင္စုျဖစ္ေရး၊
(ခ) ျပည္နယ္မ်ားမွ ျပည္ေထာင္စုသုိ႔ လႊဲအပ္ထားေသာ အာဏာမ်ားမွအပ က်န္ေသာအာဏာမ်ားကုိ ျပည္နယ္မ်ားတြင္ထားရွိ၍ ျပည္နယ္အသီးသီးတြင္လည္း ဥပေဒျပဳအာဏာ၊ အုပ္ခ်ဳပ္မႈအာဏာ၊ တရားစီရင္မႈအာဏာမ်ား က်င့္သုံးပုိင္ခြင့္ရွိေရး၊
(ဂ) ျပည္ေထာင္စုတြင္ အမ်ဳိးသားလႊတ္ေတာ္ (အထက္လႊတ္ေတာ္) ႏွင့္ ျပည္သူ႔လႊတ္ေတာ္(ေအာက္လႊတ္ေတာ္) ဟူ၍ လႊတ္ေတာ္ႏွစ္ရပ္ထားရွိေရး၊
(ဃ) ျပည္ေထာင္စုႏွင့္ ျပည္နယ္မ်ား၏ တပ္မေတာ္မ်ားကုိ လူမ်ဳိးေပါင္းစုံ ျပည္သူလူထု၏ ကြပ္ကဲမႈအာဏာေအာက္တြင္ တည္ရွိေရး၊
(င) ျပည္ေထာင္စု၏ အခ်ဳပ္အျခာအာဏာျဖစ္ေသာ ဥပေဒျပဳအာဏာ၊ တရားစီရင္မႈအာဏာႏွင့္ အုပ္ခ်ဳပ္ေရးအာဏာသုံးရပ္ကို အျပန္အလွန္ထိန္းညိႇစနစ္ျဖင့္ ထားရွိၿပီး လြတ္လပ္သည့္ တရားစီရင္မႈစနစ္ကုိ က်င့္သုံးေရး၊
(စ) မဟာလူမ်ဳိးႀကီးဝါဒႏွင့္ ဖက္ဆစ္စစ္အာဏာရွင္စနစ္ ျပန္လည္၍ ေပၚေပါက္မလာႏုိင္ေရးစသည့္အခ်က္မ်ားကို ျပည္ေထာင္စုဖြဲ႔စည္းေရးတြင္ က်င့္သုံးသြားမည္။

ေဒါက္တာစိန္ဝင္း
ဝန္ႀကီးခ်ဳပ္
အမ်ဳိးသားၫြန္႔ေပါင္းအစုိးရ

ဦးတင္ေအာင္
အတြင္းေရးမွဴး
အမ်ဳိးသားဒီမုိကေရစီအဖြဲ႔ခ်ဳပ္ (လြတ္ေျမာက္နယ္ေျမ)

ေစာဘုိျမ
ဥကၠ႒
ျမန္မာျပည္ဒီမုိကရက္တစ္
မဟာမိတ္အဖြဲ႔ခ်ဳပ္

ႏုိင္ေရႊက်င္
ဥကၠ႒
အမ်ဳိးသားဒီမုိကေရစီတပ္ေပါင္းစု
၁၃၅၄ ခုႏွစ္၊ ဝါေခါင္လဆန္း (၂) ရက္
၁၉၉၂ ခုႏွစ္၊ ဇူလုိင္လ (၃၁) ရက္

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Democracy Publications


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  • Human Rights Manual (Source: HREIB)

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Burma 1947 Constitution, Burmese

Burma 1947 Constitution, Burmese (Source: BLC) http://www.ncgub.net/NCGUB/mediagallery/download214e.pdf?mid=20080124204434699

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Enviroment Publication

Deforestation in Burma (A Report By Global Witness), October 2003 http://www.ncgub.net/NCGUB/mediagallery/download4af9.pdf?mid=20080124085637219

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Nonviolence Publication

A Force More Powerful, Burmese Translation http://www.ncgub.net/NCGUB/mediagallery/downloadd4b1.pdf?mid=20080124203416874
Learn How to Do Non-Violence Activity

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Economy Publication

Burma Economics Analysis, 2006
http://www.ncgub.net/NCGUB/mediagallery/download667c.pdf?mid=20080124204749101

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United Nations Security Council and Burma


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The Burma Fund (TBF)

Programs

Our Mission:
The Burma Fund (TBF) strengthens the human and institutional capacity of Burma's democracy movement. The Burma Fund (TBF) strengthens the human and institutional capacity of Burma's democracy movement. TBF supports those who are building Burma's civil institutions and working for a peaceful transition to lasting democratic governance. TBF seeks to implement this mission through three core programs:

I. Research and Policy Planning Program

The Research and Policy Planning program facilitates the development and documentation of public policies. It plans to advance Burma to a democratic and civil society, provide current and future leaders and administrators with analysis and experience to guide the transition and development process when the political conditions in Burma permit the implementation of such plans.

II. National and Ethnic Reconciliation Program

The National and Ethnic Reconciliation Program facilitates inter-ethnic and intra-ethnic dialogue on resolving governance issues of mutual concern by providing a forum for discussion, laying the foundation for mutually beneficial cooperation, while providing a mechanism to resolve differences in a peaceful manner. TBF will not determine outcomes but maintain an open and participatory process based on democratic principles, thus setting in practice the benefits of a democratic approach to the leaders of Burma.

III. Human Capacity-Building Program

By offering opportunities to participate in TBF sponsored activities under the Research and Policy Planning and National and Ethnic Reconciliation Programs, the Internship, Fellowship and Capacity-Building Program is an educational vehicle enhancing the skills, knowledge and professional experience of people from all of Burma's ethnic nationalities. Their participation advances their capacity to contribute to the transition and democratic process. This program trains and empowers people at different stages of learning and is not restricted to students or those with technical or academic backgrounds.

In addition to these four core programs TBF maintains an administrative and fundraising unit for the implementation of bureaucratic matters, volunteer management and the outreach to small individual donors.


RESEARCH AND POLICY PLANNING

Approach

The Research and Policy Planning program facilitates the development and documentation of public policies. It plans to advance Burma to a democratic and civil society, provide current and future leaders and administrators with analysis and experience to guide the transition and development process when the political conditions in Burma permit the implementation of such plans.

Design of Activities

The Research and Policy Planning Program takes a three-tiers, proactive and strategic approach to the implementation of its activities:

• provide analysis, develop and assess the options to manage a negotiated transfer of political power, including elaboration and assessment of feasible implementation plans;


• facilitate, document, and implement public policies to guide the transition and long-term development process, thus addressing immediate relief needs and ensuring the long-term sustainability of transitional activities. TBF recognizes that providing relief to the population is necessary for long-term stability and sustainable development goals;


• respond to research inquiries from entities in the democratic movement by supplying research and policy based advice that informs and facilitates their operations.

TBF chooses the following implementation approach to ensure maintenance of high quality work while enabling its own capacity to expand the coverage of its activities:

1. Identification of a number of select activities fitting into its strategic research and policy planning approach based on its own assessment, input from the Board of Directors and other stakeholders,

2. Composition of concept papers, proposals and teams for execution, building on and expanding its networks with Burma experts, public and private donor institutions, research partners at universities, institutes and non-profit organizations from around the world;

3. Funding of proposals using a number of funding vehicles, such as private, public and individual donor contributions to TBF and partner organizations for ear-marked activities, funds from general fundraising activities, as well as pro-bono and in-kind contributions from research partners;

4. Facilitating the participation of Burmese researchers and students through TBF's internship and fellowship program;

5. Supervision of implementation through TBF staff, expert Board members and steering committees; and

6. Documentation, translation and dissemination of results and outputs through adequate communication and storage instruments (i.e. electronic media, Internet, newsletters, books and publications).

Ultimately, the knowledge base created as a result of these activities will support/guide the efforts of the political and administrative leadership to structure and implement transitional policies, including the negotiated transfer of power. It will also facilitate donor coordination in program implementation. In the meantime, these activities:

• educate those who aspire to promote and sustain peaceful change towards democratic governance and the building of civil institutions in Burma,

• generate analytical and policy in-depth analysis in support of pro-democratic interventions at key international conferences and venues, such as the UN General Assembly, UN Human Rights Convention, ASEAN political and technical meetings, European Union, U.S. and other bilateral and unilateral meetings,

• provide to international decision-makers analyses of conditions in Burma and/or access to Burma experts or researchers, and

• create a nexus of information, resources, and working relationships accessible by and moveable to Burma during transition.


NATIONAL AND ETHNIC RECONCILIATION BACKGROUND

Background

Burma is a multi-ethnic country inhabited by 106 ethnic nationalities with diverse cultures and distinct languages and dialects. The Burmans, making up 60 percent of the population have been the mainstay of power since independence from the British in 1948. The other major non-Burman ethnic nationalities are the Arakan, Chin, Kachin, Karen, Karenni, Mon and Shan.

The leaders of the Burman-dominated military see ethnic diversity and recognition of rights of the non-Burman ethnic peoples as threats to the security and stability of Burma. Citing this imagined threat as an excuse, the military leadership staged a coup in 1962. Since that coup, national policies framed by successive regimes reflect this thinking by the military leadership.

Claiming that the country would break up without the military's guidance, the generals, who have ruled Burma since 1962, have resorted to all means to consolidate their hold on the country. Today, they are introducing to the country what they call "disciplined democracy" or a system of governance under the control of the military. The military also justifies its outright repression--control on everyday life and the brutal crackdowns on any dissent--as its contribution to helping "perpetuate the sovereignty of the union and preserving the unity of the nationalities."

The generals' myopic approach has given rise to the very consequences they claim to be preventing. Without freedom of expression and the right to self-determination, many non-Burman ethnic people have chosen armed struggle to win back their rights. The majority of the people also faced with political repression and economic hardships want change. The nationwide protests and demand for democratic reforms in 1988 also reflect the mood of the nation today.

The backlash from the military's oppressive approach is that, although they fare no better in the hands of the military, the Burmans are considered as the oppressors by the non-Burman ethnic peoples. The distrust between the Burmans and the other ethnic nationalities, sowed since colonial times and perpetuated by military rule, has continually grown over the years. No real effort has ever been made on a national scale to address this problem.

Approach

Today, the non-Burman ethnic movement for equality, justice and self-determination against the military dictatorship has been reinforced by the democracy movement that was born during the nationwide protests for democratic change in 1988. The people involved in both movements now have a common struggle. Although burdened with prejudices, both have started to learn from and support each other in the pursuit of equity and democracy.

The National and Ethnic Reconciliation Program facilitates inter-ethnic and intra-ethnic dialogue on resolving governance issues of mutual concern by providing a forum for discussion, laying the foundation for mutually beneficial cooperation, while providing a mechanism to resolve differences in a peaceful manner. TBF will not determine outcomes but maintain an open and participatory process based on democratic principles, thus setting in practice the benefits of a democratic approach to the leaders of Burma.
Design of Activities

If democracy is to survive, preparations must be made today to foster and solidify understanding and mutual respect currently existing among the people involved in the movements for democracy and ethnic equality. If given the right conditions, existing relationships can be built upon to create a basis of reconciliation and partnership. TBF activities include:

• Providing opportunities for the non-Burman ethnic peoples to express their vision about what a future democratic nation of diverse ethnicity should be. This can be formulated through roundtable discussions, conferences to review existing constitutions and proposed constitutions.

• Design trust building measures such as administrative and management training programs and multicultural exchange programs, like ethnic language course for Burmans and English-speaking Burmese teachers to teach English.

• Collect booklets, declarations, and statements made by leaders of different ethnic nationalities. Party platforms, declared intentions and objectives of legally registered different ethnic political parties inside Burma will also be compiled.

• Record, transcribe and publish interviews with different ethnic leaders and public figures. TBF also encourages and facilitates close-door roundtables and forums. All proceedings will be recorded on tape, by photograph and in print for future reference.

• TBF will publish stories focusing on life at the border, in refugee camps, and covering the lives of children. These stories will be compiled and disseminated quarterly to further awareness of the plight of ethnic nationalities and their struggle.

• Organize an Advisory Group comprised of non-Burman ethnic advisors. They will come from National Democratic Front (NDF) and non-NDF ethnic forces. Informal meetings, suggestions and opinions from this group will be taken for consideration to implement in the TBF National and Ethnic Reconciliation program.

• Two secretaries, one in Thailand and one in India, will be appointed to facilitate the Advisory Group and to periodically report developments to and facilitate dialogue with The Burma Fund.


INTERNSHIP, FELLOWSHIP AND CAPACITY-BUILDING PROGRAM

Approach

The Internship, Fellowship and Capacity-Building Program is an educational vehicle enhancing the abilities and knowledge of people from all of Burma's ethnic nationalities. Participation in TBF-related Research and Policy planning activities or capacity-building workshops informs, trains and empowers people at different stages of learning and is not restricted to students or those with technical or academic backgrounds.


Design of Activities

TBF activities include extensive training and exposure, mentoring and placement. Projects will advance the participant's capacities to articulate, engage and address issues currently relevant to the democracy movement, during transition and towards sustaining democracy in Burma. The fellowships are geared towards people from technical and academic fields who are committed to working on Burma-specific projects. All other participants are provided training on diverse topics, including diplomacy; how international organizations, such as the United Nations or the World Bank, functions; persuasive and public speaking. The TBF Internship and Fellowship program works in close alliance with The Burma Fund's Research and Policy Planning and National and Ethnic Reconciliation programs.

• People of all ages interested in advancing their abilities, knowledge and skills are encouraged to apply. This is especially targeted to those living in exile in India and Thailand. Program participants may be provided training in the United States, India, Thailand and other countries.

• The Burma Fund selection committee includes The Burma Fund staff, its Board Members and representatives from the ethnic disenfranchised groups. The selection committee includes a provision for the ethnic groups in Thailand and India to nominate appropriate candidates.

• TBF coordinates training workshops, provides translated materials, and organizes presentations by various specialists (i.e. labor organizers, staff from non-governmental organizations, researchers, especially those working on Burma-related topics).

Technical Advisory Network of Burma

The Technical Advisory Network Mission Statement

The Technical Advisory Network is a virtual think-tank dedicated to promoting and sharing knowledge and building capacity essential to the establishment of durable democracy in Burma.

Mandate and Position

The TAN of Burma is a virtual network of scholars and experts, which studies policy options, conduct research, and informs the process of democratization in Burma. The Network was established in January 2000 by the The Burma Fund during the Millennium Conference at American University in Washington D.C. with participation from leading Burma scholars and experts. TAN has received full mandate from the elected members of parliament of Burma and the exile government, National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma to serve as a think-tank of the democracy movement. Therefore, TAN is a legitimate knowledge provider with a unique audience of political leaders, government officials, and civic activists who shape the process of policy development for democratic transition in Burma.

Organizational Outreach

Since the foundation, TAN has held several coordination meetings in Thai-Burma border with pro-democracy groups and ethnic nationality organizations, which are working on advancing democratization in Burma. In the international arena, TAN has held a number of planning and information meetings with representatives from various foundations: Open Society Institute; Carnegie Endowment for Peace; Ford; Rockefeller; IDEA, Westminster, and Sasakawa Peace. Meetings with US government-associated organizations include National Endowment for Democracy; US Institute for Peace; USAID's Office of Transition Initiatives (OTI); National Democratic Institute; and the International Republican Institute. TAN representatives also consulted with multilateral organizations such as The World Bank, the Asia Development Bank, the UNDP, and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Consultants and activists involved in local initiatives, such as the selective purchasing laws, also met with TAN representative. The TAN is currently negotiating with the School of International Service, American University to have institutional support for its research programs.

At the beginning of 2001, TAN has taken two important initiatives in building its network infrastructure. Network on Transition reaches out to a pool of several leading scholars and experts working on the theory and practice of democratic development worldwide, as it is designed to facilitate a continuous flow of information and ideas to inform the political process in Burma. With the help of National Endowment for Democracy, this program has helped TAN to identify, approach, interview and request a concerned group of democracy experts to provide ideas, reviews, and advice on Burma's transition to democracy. Meanwhile, TAN's Young Scholars Program, with the assistance from Open Society Institute, is reaching out to hundreds of Burmese students and young professionals who have come to study and work in overseas institutes to contribute their talents toward democracy building in Burma. This program will allow the TAN to build a class of young intellectuals whose fundamental contribution to the national reconstruction has great potentials. Both outreach programs enabled feedback, created introductions, organized working teams, initiated TAN's preliminary search for funds, located pressing issues for research, and identified potential partners in the fields of post-conflict management, reconciliation, demobilization, reconstruction, agriculture, economics, health, educational policies, and law.

PROGRAMMATIC PILLARS
TAN seeks to implement its mission through four core programs:

I. Research and Policy Planning Program

The Research and Policy Planning Program facilitates the development and documentation of public policies. It plans to help advance Burma to a democratic and civil society, provide current and future leaders and administrators with analysis and experience to guide the transition and development process when the political conditions in Burma permit the implementation of such plans.

II. Development Dialogue and Cooperation Program

The Development Dialogue and Cooperation Program seeks to build networks with other thinktanks and with other policy institutes, which will draw cross-national comparison investigating the policies and practices of other countries or regions that are relevant to Burma. This program facilitates research collaboration and interaction with other like-minded organizations, and helps transport ideas and knowledge about policy and practice from one context to another. The program also builds essential institutional capacity for the policy transfer during the critical period of Burma's democratic transition.

III. Human Capacity Building Program

By creating opportunities to participate in TAN sponsored activities, the human capacity building program is an educational vehicle enhancing the skills, knowledge and professional experiences of people from all of Burma's ethnic nationalities, thus advancing their abilities to contribute in the transition process.

IV. Advocacy and Outreach Program

Advocacy program involves a more proactive strategy of transferring ideas that inform the change process in Burma. The program uses a combination of various tools of policy advocacy, media and information technology in mobilizing public opinions. The outreach initiative provides a forum for interaction with associations, individuals and international private sector organizations to strengthen their relationships with Burma's democratic movement and contribute their views on TAN sponsored research and policy planning activities.

In addition to these four core programs TAN can also assists through TBF's administrative resources for the implementation of bureaucratic matters, volunteer management and outreach to individual donors. It also maintains a comprehensive database that stores the directory of experts who can help project-related matters, and a library of scholarly literature on Burma.

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Members of Parliament Union - Burma (MPU)

The Members of Parliament Union - Burma (MPU) was formed on 15 June 1996 with representatives elected in the 27 May 1990 elections. It was constitutionally formalized on 4 October 2000 in Dublin, Ireland. The parliamentary representatives who formed the MPU left Burma with a mandate to form a provisional government in exile and to continue the struggle for the restoration of democracy and human rights.

The MPU Congress is the highest decision-making body serves as a Parliament which decides policies and direction that the National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma (NCGUB) will take in the next four years.

The Congress elects the new prime minister of the NCGUB and the leadership of the MPU and confirms the appointment of the new NCGUB Cabinet nominated by the new prime minister.

Only elected representatives who are registered as members of the MPU are permitted to attend the Congress.

The MPU focuses its efforts on raising international awareness on Burma and to garner the support of parliaments, parliamentary institutions, political parties, and political institutions for the democracy movement inside and outside Burma. Like the NCGUB, it works within the framework of the policies declared by the National League for Democracy and the Committee Representing People's Parliament (CRPP) , which is established by the National League for Democracy and political parties of non-Burman ethnic nationalities to work on behalf of the Parliament before it can be convened.


The current members of the MPU are:



No Name Constituency State/Division Party
1 Daw San San Seikkan Rangoon NLD
2 Dr. Sein Win Paukkaung Pegu PND
3 Dr. Sann Aung Ingabu-2 Irrawaddy Ind.
4 Dr. Tint Swe Pale-2 Sagaing NLD
5 Dr. Zalei Thang Falam Chin CNLD
6 Duwa Zaw Aung Waingmaw Kachin NLD
7 Khon Markoban Pekon Shan DOKNU
8 Khun Myint Tun Thaton Mon NLD
9 Khun Teddy Buri Loikaw-2 Kayah NLD
10 Naing Thaung Shein Kawkareik Karen MNDF
11 Pu Thang Lian Pau Tongzang Chin ZNC
12 Sai Win Pay Mong Hsu Shan SNLD
13 U Bo Hla-Tint Mogok-2 Mandalay NLD
14 U Bo Thaung Yinmabin-1 Sagaing NLD
15 U Chit Tin Minhla Magwe NLD
16 U Daniel Aung Mong Ping Shan LNDP
17 U Hla Oo Kyauktaga Pegu NLD
18 U Khin Kyaw Han Yenangyaung-2 Magwe NLD
19 U Kyaw Thwin Kayan-1 Rangoon NLD
20 U Lian Uk Haka Chin Ind.
22 U Maung Mg Aye Mandalay NE-1 Mandalay NLD
23 U Maung Mg Latt Bilin-1 Mon NLD
24 U Mya Win Ingabu-1 Irrawaddy NLD
25 U Peter Limbin Pyin Oo Lwin Mandalay Ind.
26 U Saw Tar Rutu Pasawng Kayah NUP
27 U Than Sein Pale-1 Sagaing NLD
28 U Tha Noe Rathedaung Arakan ALD
29 U Thein Oo Mandalay SW-2 Mandalay NLD
30 U Tin Tun Aung Yinmabin-2 Sagaing NLD
31 U Tin Tut Einme-1 Irrawaddy NLD
32 U Tun Win Minbya Arakan ALD
33 U Win Hlaing Tatkon-2 Mandalay NLD



ALD Arakan League for Democracy

CNLD Chin National League for Democracy

DOKNU Democratic Organization for Kayan National Unity

LNDP Lahu National Democratic Party

MNDF Mon National Democratic Front

NLD National League for Democracy

NUP National Unity Party

PND Party for National Democracy

SNLD Shan Nationalities League for Democracy

ZNC Zomi National Congress


MPU STANDING COMMITTEE

President Khon Teddy Buri

Vice President Daw San San

Secretary U Thein Oo

Joint Secretary U Maung Maung Aye

Member Naing Thaung Shein

Member U Aung Tun Sein

Member U Hla Oo

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Members of Parliament of 1990 Election (August 2007)

Update August 2007

National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma

Situation Update of Members of Parliament in Burma - Updated on 1st August, 2007

In the contemporary history of Burma, the 1990 General Elections have been recognized as a significant landmark. After 26 years of military dictatorship, the people of Burma got an opportunity to vote for a government of their choice. It was one of the free and fair elections that had taken place in the South-East Asia region at that decade.

But unfortunately, the election-results were not honored by the military regime. While pronouncing it has been going for democratic reforms, the junta has been launching a major offensive upon the opposition NLD since the 1990 elections result materialized. Afterwards, by fair means or foul, the junta's has repeatedly targeted to do away with the people's mandate that was given to the NLD in the 1990 General Elections.

On 30 April 2007, a seminar on Burma held on the sideline of the 116th Assembly of Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) in Nusa Dua, in Bali, Indonesia, had IPU delegates openly acknowledge that the Myanmar military junta’s misrule has a negative spill-over effect on the region and its stability. The Speaker of the Parliament of Indonesia, Agung Laksono, speaking at the seminar titled ‘Military Rule in Burma, Its Effects on the International Community and ASEAN’ said that all Parliamentarians have a genuine and unique role in encouraging the restoration of civil, political and democratic rights of the Burmese people.

“It is very clear that our destinies as neighbouring countries are to seriously address Myanmar’s deteriorating crises without delay,” said Agung, at the seminar jointly organized by the ASEAN Inter-Parliamentary Myanmar Caucus (AIPMC) and the National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma (NCGUB). Presenters at the seminar, held at the Bali International Convention Centre (BICC), the official IPU venue, also encouraged Indonesia and ASEAN to support a United Nations Security Council (UNSC) resolution on Burma.

ASEAN Inter Parliamentary Myanmar Caucus (AIPMC) calls on the military junta to cooperate with ASEAN and the international community to bring about changes and democratic reforms in the country through political dialogue with the NLD and ethnic leaders. The caucus repeatedly calls on unconditional release of all political prisoners in Burma, including Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, ethnic leaders and elected MPs.

Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) also urges the military authorities of Burma to release all MPs-elect still in detention immediately and unconditionally, and to guarantee their physical integrity and respect for their right to freedom of expression, assembly and association as their duty commands. Currently, situation of Members of Parliament in Burma can be observed through the following abstract summary.


Abstract Summary of MPs' Situation State & Division

Elected

Total/NLD


Remain in Prison

Total/NLD


House Arrest

Total/NLD


Exile

Total/NLD


Dismissed/Resigned

Total/NLD


Deceased

Total/NLD
Arakan 26/9 1/0 0/0 2/0 6/4 2/0
Chin 13/4 0/0 0/0 3/0 4/4 1/0
Irrawaddy 51/48 0/0 0/0 3/2 19/18 8/7
Kachin 19/14 1/1 0/0 1/1 5/3 7/5
Karen 14/10 0/0 0/0 1/0 8/7 3/1
Kayah 8/4 0/0 0/0 1/1 3/3 1/1
Magwe 39/39 0/0 0/0 1/1 17/17 6/6
Mandalay 56/55 1/1 0/0 5/4 25/24 15/15
Mon 20/16 0/0 0/0 2/2 8/7 2/1
Pegu 51/47 2/2 0/0 4/3 21/20 10/10
Rangoon 61/59 4/4 0/0 2/2 26/25 18/18
Sagaing 58/52 2/2 0/0 4/4 24/22 12/11
Shan 56/22 2/1 0/0 3/0 12/11 8/4
Tenessarim 13/13 0/0 0/0 0/0 4/4 3/3
Total/NLD 485/392 13/13 0/0 34/20 182/169 98/84

Description of the above ''Table''
♦ Parliamentarians who passed away in custody:
1. Tin Maung Win, NLD MP, Kha-yan Constituency (1), Rangoon Division, passed away on 18 January 1991.
2. Hla Than, NLD MP, Coco Islands Constituency, Rangoon Division, died on 2 August 1996.
3. Saw Win (a.k.a) Kyaw Zaw Lin, NLD MP, Htee Lin Constituency, Magwe Division, died on 7 August 1998.
♦ Parliamentarians who passed away soon after their release:
1. Kyaw Min, NLD MP, Bassein West Constituency (2), Irrawaddy Division, passed away on 1 July 1999.
2. San San Win (F), NLD MP, Ahlone Constituency, Rangoon Division, passed away in 2000.
3. Hla Maung POCL MP & CRPP Member, Kya-in Seikkyi Constituency, Karen State, passed away on 27 Nov. 2003.
♦ Parliamentarians who were assassinated:
1. Win Ko, exiled NLD MP, Ye Oo Constituency (2), Sagaing Division, was assassinated in Kumming, China, on 1 November 1992.
2. Hla Pe, exiled NLD MP, Pyaw Bwe Constituency (2), Mandalay Division, was assassinated outside Bangkok, Thailand, on 16 June 1993.
♦ Parliamentarians who remain in prison:
• Although international community calls for releasing all political prisoners immediately and unconditionally, the military regime has still kept on detaining 13 MPs in its notorious prisons as yet.
• Out of 13 MPs in prison, 11 belong to the NLD.
• Please find the details of 13 imprisoned MPs in the following table as of 1st August, 2007.

13 Members of Parliament Who Remain in Prison No Name States/Divs Constituency Party Date of Arrest Prison Remark
1 Zaw Myint Maung, Dr. Mandalay Amarapura-1 NLD 00-11-1990 Myitkyina 37 Years
2 Khin Maung Swe Rangoon Sanchaung NLD 05-08-1994 Myingyan 7 Years
3 Than Nyein, Dr. Rangoon Kyauktan-1 NLD 28-10-1997 Prome 8 Years
4 May Win Myint, Dr. (F) Rangoon Mayangon-2 NLD 28-10-1997 Insein 7 1/2 Years
5 Naing Naing Rangoon Pazundaung NLD 00-08-2000 Insein 21 Years
6 Kyaw Kyaw, Dr. Pegu Yetashe-1 NLD 18-09-2002 Taungoo 19 Years
7 Aung Soe Myint Pegu Toungoo-1 NLD 31-08-2003 Thayet 7 Years
8 Khun Tun Oo Shan Hsipaw-1 SNLD 09-02-2005 Putao 93 Years
9 Kyaw Khin Shan Taunggyi-1 NLD 25-02-2005 Taunggyi 14 Years
10 Kyaw Min Arakan Buthidaung-1 NDPHR 17-03-2005 Insein 47 Years
11 Kyaw San Sagaing Tantse NLD 17-03-2005 Insein 7 Years
12 Saw Hlaing Sagaing Indaw NLD 30-03-2005 Kathar 12 Years
13 Khin Maung Win Pegu Oktwin-2 NLD 31-03-2006 Insein Detention

Notable Notes:

♦ (1) Dr. Zaw Myint Maung(age 56), elected representative of Mandalay Division – Amarapura Constituency, has been serving a lengthy jail term at Myinkyina Prison, is said to be quite ill. Zaw Myint Maung has been suffering from severe indigestion and unable to eat properly, according to his wife Dr. Yu Yu May. He has been in junta’s jail since November 1990. He was imprisoned for his alleged participation in discussions about the formation of a parallel government in Mandalay, in November 1990 and was sentenced to 25 years under Penal Code Article 122 (1) at a military tribunal with no legal representation. He is believed to have been deprived of food and sleep during interrogation. He was one of a total of 24 prisoners were given further prison sentences on 28 March1996 in connection with their circulation of news within the prison, their preparation of a magazine, and their attempts to report on human rights violations in the prison. He was alleged to have written two poems and to have signed a petition for the release of Aung San Suu Kyi. While authorities investigated, he and others were held in cells designed for military dogs, made to sleep on concrete floor without bedding during winter months, and deprived of food and water. He was held in a dog cell between November 1995 and May 1996. The group of 24 was also reportedly denied legal representation at their trial. He was then sentenced to additional 12 years imprisonment. He is being held at Myit-kyi-na prison in Kachin State in remote northern Burma. He received 21,119 valid votes as 66.35 % in the 1990 elections.

♦ (2) U Khin Maung Swe( age 65), representative-elect of Sanchaung Constituency , Rangoon Division, was arrested in November 1990 for his involvement in forming a provisional government.. He was charged under Penal Code Article 122 (1) in April 1991 and sentenced to ten years imprisonment, and was released from Insein Prison on 1 May 1992 in accordance with SLORC Declaration No. 11/92 of 24 April 1992. U Khin Maung Swe was rearrested on 5 August 1994 in connection with Dr. Khin Zaw Win who was imprisoned earlier that year under the Official Secrets Act. Dr. Khin Zaw Win was accused of attempting to smuggle abroad ‘state secrets’ which included a Burmese translation of ‘Freedom From Fear’ by Daw Aung San Suu Kyi. He was sentenced to seven years imprisonment under Penal Code Article 109 and the 1950 Emergency Provision Act. The Election Commission dismissed U Khin Maung Swe as an MP on 18 December 1995 and banned him from running in future elections.U Khin Maung Swe worked as Secretary of the Workers’ Union of Myanmar Oil Corporation during the 1988 uprising. He was dismissed from his job for defying a SLORC Declaration for civil servants to return to work. Following the 1988 uprising he became a member of the NLD Central Executive Committee, Chairman of the NLD Central Working Group for Labour and Chairman of the NLD’s Central Information Department. He received a Geology degree from Rangoon University in 1966 and worked as a geologist from 1966-1988. U Khin Maung Swe received 28,944 valid votes as 77 % in the 1990 elections.

♦ (3) Dr. Than Nyein (age 70), representative-elect of Kyauk-tan Constituency-1 , Rangoon Division, was imprisoned on 28 October 1997 for organizing a meeting of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and the NLD Youth Wing. He was given another one year additional sentence under Act 10A on 18 January 2007. It was the sixth time the junta sentenced him under Act 10A. According to his wife Daw Khin Aye, Dr. Than Nyein who is being detained in Prome (Pyay) prison, has been suffering from chronic liver cirrhosis and cancerous prostate. The prison authorities do not allow Dr. Than Nyein to meet specialist physicians for his prostate and liver complaints for nearly 3 years. He has put into prison for 7-year term on 28 October 1997 and already finished it since 2004.

Daw Khin Win Shwe, wife of ousted Gen. Khin Nyunt, is the younger sister of Dr. Than Nyein. He received 17,018 valid votes as 64.95 % in the 1990 elections.

♦ (4) Although Dr May Win Myint (F) (age 58) was arrested on 28 October 1997 following an attempt by the NLD to hold a meeting with Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and NLD youth in Ma-yan-gone Township in Rangoon. She finished serving her 7½ years prison term in 2004, but was given another one year additional sentence under Act 10A on 31 January 2007. It was the sixth time the junta sentenced her under Act 10A. She has been suffering from eye, blood and heart diseases, and she has to be taken to the hospital monthly for medical check-ups. On 12 April, she was taken to the Rangoon General Hospital, for the treatments of the worsening throat diseases she has been enduring, according to her family. Dr. May Win Myint boycotted the National Convention in December 1995 along with other NLD MPs, and is the Secretary of Mayangone Township NLD. She graduated in Medicine from Rangoon Institute of Medicine in 1976 and worked as a part-time Doctor for North-Okkalapa and Kyauktada Co-operative Clinics from 1978-1981 and also at Rangoon General Hospital from 1981-1983. From 1983-1988 she worked at the Handicap Hospital. Dr. May Win Myint received 28,513 valid votes as 74 % in the 1990 elections.

♦ (5) U Naing Naing (age 65), is the chairman of the Pazundaung township NLD and representative-elect of Pazundaung Constituency-1, Rangoon Division. He received a B.A. degree and a Diploma in Management & Administration from Rangoon University in 1966 and worked as a manager in government’s trade cooperation from 1967-1983.He was arrested in November 1990 for his involvement in forming a provisional government. He was charged under Penal Code Article 122 (1) in April 1991. As a result he was imprisoned between 1990 and 1999. U Naing Naing was rearrested on 14 October 2000 for his alleged involvement in the preparation of a statement calling for the release of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, and for the lifting of restrictions on the National League for Democracy. He was sentenced to 21 years under 1950 Emergency Provision Act 5 [j]. He received 14,107 valid votes as 79.36 % in the 1990 elections.

♦ (6) Dr. Kyaw Kyaw (age 56), is the chairman of the Ye-da-she township NLD and representative-elect of Ye-da-she Constituency-1, Pegu Division. He is a dentist by profession as he obtained a Bachelor Degree in dental surgeon in 1978. When 1988 People’s Uprising broke out, as a leader of the Ye-da-she township boycott-camp, he took responsibility avoiding from destructive activities. On September 18, 2002, the No 2 Military Intelligence Unit and Yedashe Township Forestry Department searched the residence of Dr Kyaw Kyaw and found seven Pyingado wooden planks in his compound left over when he constructed a new home as well as 398 short strips of teak (.33 ton) in his kitchen which the dentist was stocking to use as parquet flooring for his new home. He was arrested the same day and charges were filed against him with Yedashe Township Court under the Forestry Act. The court later changed the charges and sentenced him in 2004 to serve 19 years in prison. While in prison, Dr Kyaw Kyaw suffered heart problems and was sent to a prison ward for treatment. He is now (June 2007) reported to be recovering. He received 15,874 valid votes as 57.91 % in the 1990 elections.

♦ (7) U Aung Soe Myint (age 55), is the secretary of the township NLD and representative-elect of Toungoo Constituency-1, Pegu Division. During the 1988 uprising, he was a member of the Central General Strike Committee of the Taungoo District People’s Liberation Alliance. He graduated from Rangoon Institute of Economics with a degree of commerce and from 1975-1988 he operated his own business.. He was detained without charge or trial on 21 May 1999, possibly in connection with NLD calls to convene parliament. He was released from SPDC’s so-called guest house on 21-6-2001. But, on 31 August 2003, He was rearrested and sentenced to 7 years imprisonment under a false traffic act. U Aung Soe Myint has been suffering from diabetes and high blood pressures even before he was arrested and imprisoned in 2003. His condition became worse when he was incarcerated in Taungoo Prison. Regardless of his bad health, the junta first transferred him to Thayet Prison which was far away from his family home. Then, when his condition deteriorated, he was again transferred to the notorious Insein Prison in Rangoon in January 2005. U Aung Soe Myint was among the NLD representatives who boycotted the National Convention in December 1995. U Aung Soe Myint received 21,369 valid votes as 67.75 % in the 1990 elections.

♦ (8) Khun Htun Oo (age 64), chairman of the Shan Nationalities League for Democracy (SNLD), member of the Committee Representing People’s Parliament (CRPP) and representative-elect of Hsipaw township constituency-1, was detained on 9 Feb. 2005 together with 7 other Shan leaders. He and his colleagues were prosecuted under charges of treason, reportedly for initiating political discussions on the National Convention. Members of the group are reported to have been charged under a law promulgated in 1996 (Law 5/96), which provides for up to 20 years imprisonment for anyone who directly or indirectly complains, criticize or propagandize anything to disrupt the stability of the state, or to make people misunderstand the purpose being implemented by the National Convention. This is believed to be the first prison sentence imposed under this law. However, the SNLD party opposed the SPDC's National Convention while other Shan ceasefire groups are attending the convention. Khun Htun Oo was sentenced to 93 years imprisonment on 3 November 2005. He had attended the National Convention and had frequently proposed the concept of federal union during the previous meetings in the Convention. U Khun Tun Oo studied Law at Rangoon University for two years and was the personal assistant of the Indonesian Military Attaché from 1967-1977. Khun Tun Oo received 5,268 valid votes as 50 % in the 1990 elections. Khun Htun Oo also insisted that he was not guilty of the charges against him, as the authorities might dislike him and suspect him of something but there was no reason for him to be seditious or to be discrediting the government. As a chairman of a political party, he said, he had worked well with the government for nearly 15 years without any trouble. He said he was quite surprised that he had been accused of committing such crimes.

♦ (9) U Kyaw Khin (age 68), Central Executive Committee member of the NLD Shan State Branch, was arrested on 5 June 1996 for urging the military junta to sit at the dialogue table together with the NLD leaders and sentenced to 10 years in prison. U Kyaw Khin was arrested for recording and distributing video and audio tapes containing foreign news reports and documentaries on Burma and charged under the 1985 Video Act and was sentenced on 15 August 1996 to three years imprisonment, and was given an additional seven years under the 1950 Emergency Provision Act, Article 5 (j). He was released from Thayet prison on 3 January, 2005. However, he was rearrested since he shared a list of International Awards won by Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, to a school girl who wants to know about those awards. He was rearrested on 25 February 2005 and sentenced to 14 years imprisonment. U Kyaw Khin is currently under detention. He was boycotted the National Convention on 28 December 1995 along with other NLD representatives. Before 1988, U Kyaw Khin obtained a Bachelor of Science degree. He worked for a trade corporation and at the Phar-kang jade mine in Kachin State before moving to Taunggyi in 1972. After the 1988 uprising he joined the NLD and was appointed Taunggyi Township NLD organizer as well as a member of the Shan State NLD.

♦ (10) U Kyaw Min (age 54), the representative-elect (MP) of Butheetaung Township constituency (1), belongs to the National Democratic Party for Human Rights (NDPHR) and a member of the CRPP, was detained on 17 March 2005, A statement was released by CRPP on last Union Day, in which U Kyaw Min took in active part. Besides, he met with ILO delegation, which visited Burma on 21st to 23rd of February 2005. He was sentenced to 47 years imprisonment on 29 July 2005. His wife, two daughters and a son were also sentenced to 17 years respectively. The junta banned the NDPHR under order No. 8/92 on 18 March 1992, and at that time U Kyaw Min was a member of the party’s Central Executive Committee. U Kyaw Min received a Bachelor of Economics degree from the Rangoon Institute of Economics in 1968, and in 1969 he began working as a teacher. In 1983, he received a Diploma in Education and served as the Deputy Head of Buthidaung Township Educational Department. In 1985 he became a middle school principal but was dismissed from the position in 1989 because of his involvement in the August 1988 uprising. U Kyaw Min received 30,997 valid votes or 74 % in the 1990 elections.

♦ (11) U Kyaw San (age 75), National League for Democracy (NLD) chairman of Sagaing Division and the elected representative (MP) of Tant-se Township Constituency, has been detained since 17 March 2005 in Insein Prison. He was sentenced to seven years in prison on 6 June for allegedly keeping illegal goods belonging to Democratic Karen Buddhist Army (DKBA) which signed ceasefire agreements with the ruling junta. Although DKBA leader Col Saw Chit Thu, in a letter to the court, testified that the goods had nothing involved with Kyaw San, the judge did not take into account. As a 75-year old person, his health situation is poor. Moreover, this is his second time in jail. Lt. Col. Kyaw San(Retired) was arrested in January 1992 after the Sagaing Division NLD released a statement supporting the decision to award Daw Aung San Suu Kyi the 1991 Nobel Peace Prize. After he refused to withdraw the statement, the authorities sentenced him to seven years imprisonment. He was released from Insein Special Prison in February 1995, along with U Tin Oo and U Kyi Maung, on the 50th anniversary of the founding of the Burmese Army. The Election Commission dismissed him as an MP in 1994. Lt. Col. Kyaw San joined the Army in 1949 and he retired as a Lieutenant-Colonel in January 1986. During the 1988 uprising he was involved in the Army Veterans Association and was later a Central Committee member of the now banned POCL. He is still under detention. Lt-Col Kyaw San received 18,862 valid votes as 79 % in the 1990 elections.

♦ (12) U Saw Hlaing (age 51) was the NLD representative-elect (MP) of Inndaw Township constituency in Sagaing Division. U Saw Hlaing was arrested and imprisoned after he attended a secret meeting on 29 September 1990 in Mandalay to form an interim government. He was charged under Penal Code Article 122 (1) and was freed from Insein Prison on 27 May 1992. The Election Commission dismissed U Saw Hlaing as a Member of Parliament on 23 December 1991 and banned him from running in future elections. In 1976 he was sentenced to nine years imprisonment because of his involvement in the 1976 Thakhin Ko Daw Hmine demonstration. He was released in 1978 under an amnesty. U Saw Hlaing has a Bachelor of Arts degree majoring in Philosophy and a Master of Arts degree. In 1982 he became a Higher-Grade Pleader in 1987 he qualified as a High Court Advocate. He was arrested by Military Intelligence and released from so-called guest hours on 13 July 2001. was arrested for his active political role, he was charged with keeping broken “unlicensed” computers according to his family. He was arrested on 30 March 2005 and sentenced 14 years in prison on 26 May 2005 accusing him of breaking Publication Act 16 & 20 at the Kathar District Court. U Saw Hlaing was not allowed to see a lawyer during trial.U Saw Hlaing received 27,598 valid votes as 79 % in the 1990 elections.

♦ (13) U Khin Maung Win (age 63), is the chairman of Oaktwin Township NLD and representative-elect (MP) of Oaktwin Township Constituency (2), Pegu Division. He was arrested under charge of illegally holding a party meeting on 22 July 1991, but the authorities later charged him under the Gambling Act. He was released from Taungoo Prison on 1-8-2001. He finished high school in 1962 and in 1966 attended Deputy Police Officer Training at the Central Institute of Civil Services in Phaunggyi. From 1967 he worked as a Sub-Inspector of Police in Toungoo District until he resigned from the Police Force in 1978. U Khin Maung Win received 12,357 valid votes as 63 % in the 1990 elections.


34 Members of Parliament in Exile No Name Constituency State/Division Party Currently In
1 Sein Win, Dr. Paukkaung Pegu PND USA
2 Bo Hla-Tint Mogok-2 Mandalay NLD USA
3 Mya Win Ingabu-1 Irrawaddy NLD USA
4 Tun Oo Kyaukkyi Pegu NLD USA
5 Zahlei Thang, Dr. Falam Chin CNLD USA
6 Peter Limbin Pyin Oo Lwin Mandalay Independent USA
7 Lian Uk Haka Chin Independent USA
8 Maung Maung Latt Bilin-1 Mon NLD USA
9 Sai Win Pay Mong Hsu Shan SNLD USA
10 Khin Kyaw Han Yenangyaung-2 Magwe NLD USA
11 Duwa Zaw Aung Waingmaw Kachin NLD USA
12 Than Sein Pale-1 Sagaing NLD India
13 Thang Lian Pau Tonzang Chin ZNC India
14 Tint Swe, Dr. Pale-2 Sagaing NLD India
15 Oo Tha Noe Rathedaung Arakan ALD India
16 Maung Maung Aye Mandalay NE-1 Mandalay NLD Australia
17 Daniel Aung Mong Ping Shan LNDP Australia
18 Tin Tut Einme-1 Irrawaddy NLD Australia
19 Teddy Buri Loikaw-2 Kayah (Karenni) NLD Australia
20 Bo Thaung Yinmabin-1 Sagaing NLD Norway
21 Kyaw Thwin Kayan-1 Rangoon NLD Norway
22 Naing Thaung Shein Kawkareik-2 Karen MNDF Netherlands
23 Sann Aung, Dr. Ingabu-2 Irrawaddy Independent Thailand
24 Thein Oo Mandalay SW-2 Mandalay NLD Thailand
25 Khun Markoban Pekon Shan DOKNU Thailand
26 San San (Female) Seikkan Rangoon NLD Thailand
27 Myo Win, Dr. Kawa-1 Pegu NLD Thailand
28 Tin Tun Aung Yinmabin-2 Sagaing NLD Thailand
29 Chit Tin Minhla Magwe NLD Thailand
30 Hla Oo Kyauktaga Pegu NLD Thailand
31 Saw Tarutu Pha-saung Kayah (Karenni) NUP Thailand
32 Aung Tun Sein Ponnagyun Arakan ALD Thailand
33 Win Hlaing Tatkon-2 Mandalay NLD

Thailand
34 Khun Myint Tun Thaton-1 Mon NLD Thailand



Total MPs in exile = 34 (as of 1st August 2007)

Remark: There may be some MPs who came out of the country holding passports issued by the military authorities as they agreed to stay away from anti-junta politics. They visited foreign countries in order to do business or to take medical treatment there. They never declared themselves as dissidents or exile MPs against the SPDC.

╬ U Win Hlaing(age 44) is a former central executive committee member of the NLD Youth Wing and became youngest MP in 1990 Elections as he was born on 27 November 1963. He escaped from Rangoon to Thailand in February, 2007. He spent over 8 years in junta’s notorious prison from October 1990 to January 1999. U Win Hlaing was arrested in 1990. Following the 1990 election, U Win Hlaing was responsible for implementing the youth strategies contained in the NLD’s Three Ways to Attain Power (3 Strategies Paper) which was compiled in case the SLORC refused to hand over power. U Win Hlaing was arrested by the MIS and charged under the 1950 Emergency Provision Act Articles 5 (a), (b) and (j) and sent to prison. The Election Commission dismissed him as a Member of Parliament on 20 December 1991. U Win Hlaing graduated in Physics and is a High Court advocate. He was in charge of the NLD (Youth) Working Committee and was also a member of the NLD Central Committee. U Win Hlaing received 25,894 valid votes or 71 % in the 1990 elections.

╬ Khun Myint Tun(age 44) was arrested by the Military Intelligent personnel in May of 1996 under charges of high treason as he is a Member of Parliament belongs to the NLD. U Khun Myint Tun was arrested by the SLORC in May 1996 with 19 other people, including U Do Htaung (MP, Kale-1, Sagaing Division). He was accused of contacting Dr. Tint Swe of the India-based NLD-LA and was charged with disturbing the state’s peace and stability and sentenced to seven years imprisonment. Later the SLORC found out that U Khun Myint Tun had met with a journalist from the Australian Broadcasting Corporation in April 1996 at Daw Aung San Suu Kyi’s house and that he had given the journalist a video cassette of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi’s weekly speeches. U Khun Myint Tun was then sentenced to an additional three years for breaching the 1985 Video Act, along with U Kyaw Khin (MP, Taunggyi-1, Shan State).Khun Myint Tun graduated in Geology from Rangoon University in 1983. After he finished studying he ran his own business with his parents and worked as an assistant teacher. U Khun Myint Tun received 25,075 valid votes as 76 % in the 1990 elections.


15 Lady MPs of Burma No Name State/Division Constituency Party Remark
1 Sein Tin Kachin Shwegu NLD Deceased
2 Nan Khin Htwe Myint Karen Pa-an-3 NLD Detained, Released
3 May Hnin Kyi Mandalay Mogok-1 NLD Detained, Released
4 Ohn Kyi Mandalay Myittha-1 NLD Dismissed as MP
5 Khin Htay Kywe Mon Chaungzon-2 NLD
6 Tin Saw Oo Mon Mudon-1 NLD Deceased
7 Hla Hla Moe Pegu Minhla-2 NLD
8 San San Win Rangoon Ahlone NLD Deceased
9 San San Rangoon Seikkan NLD Exile in Thailand
10 May Win Myint, Dr. Rangoon Mayangon-2 NLD Imprisoned
11 San May Rangoon Taikkyi-2 NLD
12 Khin Aye Myint Rangoon Yankin NLD
13 Hse Hse Sagaing Hkamti NLD
14 Khin San Hlaing Sagaing Wetlet-2 NLD Dismissed as MP
15 May Phyo Shan Namtu NLD Deceased



Click Here, 98 MPs Who Passed Away, pdf format document

Prepared By Zin Linn, Information Unit, NCGUB, Bangkok, Updated August 1, 2007

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Members of Parliament of 1990 Election (May 2007)

Situation Update of Members of Parliament in Burma

Members of Parliament. Click Here to Browse the Album (Updated on 27th May, 2007)

In the contemporary history of Burma, the 1990 General Elections have been recognized as a significant landmark. After 26 years of military dictatorship, the people of Burma got an opportunity to vote for a government of their choice. It was one of the free and fair elections that had taken place in the South-East Asia region at that decade.

But unfortunately, the election-results were not honored by the military regime. While pronouncing it has been going for democratic reforms, the junta has been launching a major offensive upon the opposition NLD since the 1990 elections result materialized. Afterwards, by fair means or foul, the junta's has repeatedly targeted to do away with the people's mandate that was given to the NLD in the 1990 General Elections.

On 30 April 2007, a seminar on Burma held on the sideline of the 116th Assembly of Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) in Bali, Indonesia, had IPU delegates openly acknowledge that the Myanmar military junta’s misrule has a negative spill-over effect on the region and its stability. The Speaker of the Parliament of Indonesia, Agung Laksono, speaking at the seminar titled ‘Military Rule in Burma, Its Effects on the International Community and ASEAN’ said that all Parliamentarians have a genuine and unique role in encouraging the restoration of civil, political and democratic rights of the Burmese people.

“It is very clear that our destinies as neighbouring countries are to seriously address Myanmar’s deteriorating crises without delay,” said Agung, at the seminar jointly organized by the ASEAN Inter-Parliamentary Myanmar Caucus (AIPMC) and the National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma (NCGUB). Presenters at the seminar, held at the Bali International Convention Centre (BICC), the official IPU venue, also encouraged Indonesia and ASEAN to support a United Nations Security Council (UNSC) resolution on Burma.

ASEAN Inter Parliamentary Myanmar Caucus (AIPMC) calls on the military junta to cooperate with ASEAN and the international community to bring about changes and democratic reforms in the country through political dialogue with the NLD and ethnic leaders. The caucus repeatedly calls on unconditional release of all political prisoners in Burma, including Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, ethnic leaders and elected MPs.

Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) also urges the military authorities of Burma to release all MPs-elect still in detention immediately and unconditionally, and to guarantee their physical integrity and respect for their right to freedom of expression, assembly and association as their duty commands.

Currently, situation of Members of Parliament in Burma can be observed through the following abstract summary.

Abstract Summary of MPs' Situation

State & Division

Elected

Total/NLD


Remain in Prison

Total/NLD


House Arrest

Total/NLD


Exile

Total/NLD


Dismissed/Resigned

Total/NLD


Deceased

Total/NLD
Arakan 26/9 1/0 0/0 1/1 6/4 2/0
Chin 13/4 0/0 0/0 3/0 4/4 1/0
Irrawaddy 15/48 0/0 0/0 3/2 19/18 8/7
Kachin 19/14 1/1 0/0 1/1 5/3 7/5
Karen 14/10 0/0 0/0 1/0 8/7 3/1
Kayah 8/4 0/0 0/0 1/1 3/3 1/1
Magwe 39/39 0/0 0/0 1/1 17/17 6/6
Mandalay 56/55 1/1 0/0 5/4 25/24 15/15
Mon 20/16 0/0 0/0 1/1 8/7 2/1
Pegu 51/47 2/2 0/0 4/3 21/20 10/10
Rangoon 61/59 4/4 0/0 2/2 26/25 18/18
Sagaing 58/52 2/2 0/0 4/4 24/22 12/11
Shan 56/22 2/1 0/0 3/0 12/11 8/4
Tenassarim 13/13 0/0 0/0 0/0 4/4 3/3
Total/NLD 485/392 12/10 0/0 32/20 182/169 97/83

Description of the above ''Table''

Parliamentarians who passed away in custody:
1. Tin Maung Win, NLD MP, Kha-yan Constituency (1), Rangoon Division, passed away on 18 January 1991.
2. Hla Than, NLD MP, Coco Islands Constituency, Rangoon Division, died on 2 August 1996.
3. Saw Win (a.k.a) Kyaw Zaw Lin, NLD MP, Htee Lin Constituency, Magwe Division, died on 7 August 1998.

Parliamentarians who passed away soon after their release:
1. Kyaw Min, NLD MP, Bassein West Constituency (2), Irrawaddy Division, passed away on 1 July 1999.
2. San San Win (F), NLD MP, Ahlon Constituency, Rangoon Division, passed away in 2000.
3. Hla Maung POCL MP & CRPP Member, Kya-in-seik-kyi Constituency, Karen State, passed away on 27 Nov. 2003.

Parliamentarians who were assassinated:
1. Win Ko, exiled NLD MP, Ye Oo Constituency (2), Sagaing Division, was assassinated in Kumming, China, on 1 November 1992.
2. Hla Pe, exiled NLD MP, Pyaw Bwe Constituency (2), Mandalay Division, was assassinated outside Bangkok, Thailand, on 16 June 1993.

Parliamentarians who remain in prison:
• Although international community calls for releasing all political prisoners immediately and unconditionally, the military regime has still kept on detaining 12 MPs in its notorious prisons as yet.
• Out of 12 MPs in prison, 10 belong to the NLD.
• Please find the details of 12 imprisoned MPs in the following table as of 27th May 2007.

12 Members of Parliament who remain in Prison

No Name State/Division Constituency Party Date of Arrest Prison Remark
1 Zaw Myint Maung, Dr. Mandalay Amarapura-1 NLD 00-11-1990 Myitkyina 37 Years
2 Khin Maung Swe Rangoon Sanchaung NLD 05-08-1994 Myingyan 7 Years
3 Than Nyein, Dr. Rangoon Kyauktan-1 NLD 28-10-1997 Pyay 8 Years
4 May Win Myint (F), Dr. Rangoon Mayangone-2 NLD 28-10-1997 Insein 7 1/2 Years
5 Naing Naing Rangoon Pazundaung NLD 00-08-2000 Insein 21 Years
6 Aung Soe Myint Pegu Taungoo-1 NLD 31-08-2003 Thayet 7 Years
7 Khun Tun Oo Shan Thibaw-1 SNLD 09-02-2005 Rangoon 93 Years
8 Kyaw Khin Shan Taunggyi-1 NLD 25-02-2005 Taunggyi 14 Years
9 Kyaw Min Arakan Butheetaung-1 NDPHR 17-03-2005 Rangoon 47 Years
10 Kyaw San Sagaing Tantse NLD 17-03-2005 Rangoon 7 Years
11 Saw Hlaing Sagaing Inndaw NLD 30-03-2005 Katha 12 Years
12 Khin Maung Win Pegu Oaktwin-2 NLD 31-03-2006 Insein Detention

Notable Notes:

(1) Khun Htun Oo, chairman of the Shan Nationalities League for Democracy (SNLD), was detained on 9 Feb. 2005 together with 7 other Shan leaders. The election winning SNLD party opposed the SPDC's National Convention while other Shan ceasefire groups are attending the convention. Khun Htun Oo was sentenced to 93 years imprisonment on 3 November 2005.

(2) Although Dr May Win Myint (F) was put into prison since 28 October 1997 and finished serving her 7½ years prison term in 2004, but was given another one year additional sentence under Act 10A on 31 January 2007. It was the sixth time the junta sentenced her under Act 10A. She has been suffering from eye, blood and heart diseases, and she has to be taken to the hospital monthly for medical check-ups. On 12 April, she was taken to the Rangoon General Hospital, for the treatments of the worsening throat diseases she has been enduring, according to her family.


(3) Dr Than Nyein was given another one year additional sentence under Act 10A on 18 January 2007. It was the sixth time the junta sentenced him under Act 10A. According to his wife Daw Khin Aye, Dr. Than Nyein who is being detained in Prome (Pyay) prison, has been suffering from cancerous prostate and liver diseases. The prison authorities do not allow Dr. Than Nyein to meet specialist physicians for his prostate and liver complaints for nearly 3 years. He has put into prison for 7-year term on 28 October 1997 and already finished it since 2004.

(4) U Kyaw San, National League for Democracy (NLD) chairman of Sagaing Division and the elected representative (MP) of Tant-se Township, has been detained since 17 March 2005 in Insein Prison. He was sentenced to seven years in prison on 6 June for allegedly keeping illegal goods belonging to Democratic Karen Buddhist Army (DKBA) which signed ceasefire agreements with the ruling junta. Although DKBA leader Col Saw Chit Thu, in a letter to the court, testified that the goods had nothing involved with Kyaw San, the judge did not take into account. As a 75-year old person, his health situation is poor. Moreover, this is his second time in jail.

(5) U Kyaw Min, the elected MP from National Democratic Party for Human Rights (NDPHR) and a member of the CRPP, was detained on 17 March 2005, A statement was released by CRPP on last Union Day, in which U Kyaw Min took in active part. Besides, he met with ILO delegation, which visited Burma on 21st to 23rd of February 2005. He was sentenced to 47 years imprisonment on 29 July 2005. His wife, two daughters and a son were also sentenced to 17 years respectively.

(6) U Kyaw Khin was rearrested because he shared a list of awards won by Daw Aung San Suu Kyi from the international community, to a school girl who wants to know about her. In 1996, he was arrested for urging the military junta to sit at the dialogue table together with the NLD leaders and sentenced to 10 years in prison. He was released from Thayet prison on 3 January, 2005. He was rearrested on 25 February 2005 and sentenced to 14 years imprisonment.
(7) Although U Saw Hlaing was arrested for his active political role, he was charged with keeping broken “unlicensed” computers according to his family. He was arrested on 30 March 2005 and sentenced 14 years in prison on 26 May 2005 accusing him of breaking Publication Act 16 & 20 at the Kathar District Court. U Saw Hlaing was not allowed to see a lawyer during trial.

(8) Dr. Zaw Myint Maung, elected representative of Mandalay Division – Amarapura Constituency, has been serving a lengthy jail term at Myinkyina Prison, is said to be quite ill. Zaw Myint Maung has been suffering from severe indigestion and unable to eat properly, according to his wife Dr. Yu Yu May who went to see him at the prison recently in remote northern Burma. He has been in junta’s jail since November 1990.

32 Members of Parliament in Exile

No Name Constituency State/Division Party Currently In
1 Sein Win, Dr. Paukkaung Pegu PND USA
2 Bo Hla-Tint Mogok-2 Mandalay NLD USA
3 Mya Win Ingabu-1 Irrawaddy NLD USA
4 Tun Oo Kyauk-gyi Pegu NLD USA
5 Zaelah Thang, Dr. Falam Chin CNLD USA
6 Peter Lim Bin Pyin-Oo-Lwin Mandalay Independent USA
7 Lian Uk Haka Chin Independent USA
8 Maung Maung Latt-1 Bilin-1 Mon NLD USA
9 Sai Win Pay Mong Hsu Shan SNLD USA
10 Khin Kyaw Han Yenangchaung-2 Magwe NLD USA
11 Oo Tha Noe Rathedaung Arakan ALD India
12 Than Sein Pale-1 Sagaing NLD India
13 Thang Lian Pau Tonzang Chin ZNC India
14 Tint Swe, Dr. Pale-2 Sagaing NLD India
15 Teddy Buri Loikaw-2 Kayah NLD Australia
16 Thein Oo Mandalay SW-2 Mandalay NLD Thailand
17 Bo Thaung Yinmabin-1 Sagaing NLD Norway
18 Maung Maung Aye Mandalay NE-1 Mandalay NLD Australia
19 Khun Marko Ban Pekon Shan DOKNU Thailand
20 Sann Aung Ingabu-2 Irrawaddy Independent Thailand
21 Duwa Zaw Aung Waimaw Kachin NLD USA
22 San San (Female) Seikkan Rangoon NLD Thailand
23 Kyaw Thwin Kayan-1 Rangoon NLD Norway
24 Myo Win, Dr. Kawa-1 Pegu NLD Thailand
25 Tin Tun Aung Yinmarbin-2 Sagaing NLD Thailand
26 Chit Tun Min Hla Magwe NLD Thailand
27 Saw Tarutu Pha Saung Kayah NUP Thailand
28 Daniel Aung Mong Ping Shan LNDP Australia
29 Tin Tut Einme-1 Irrawaddy NLD Australia
30 Hla Oo Kyauktaga Pegu NLD Thailand
31 Naing Thaung Shein Kawkareik-2 Karen MNDF Netherlands
32 Win Hlaing Takon-2 Mandalay NLD Thailand

Total MPs in exile = 32 (as of 27th May 2007)
Remark: There may be some MPs who came out of the country holding passports issued by the military authorities as they agreed to stay away from anti-junta politics. They visited foreign countries in order to do business or to take medical treatment there. They never declared themselves as dissidents or exile MPs against the SPDC.
╬ Win Hlaing is the latest MP in exile, who escaped from Rangoon to Thailand in February, 2007. He spent over 8 years in junta’s notorious prison from October 1990 to January 1999.

15 Lady MPs of Burma

No Name State/Division Constituency Party Remark
1 Sein Tin Kachin Shwegu NLD Deceased
2 Nan Khin Htwe Myint Karen Paan-3 NLD Detained, Released
3 May Hnin Kyi Mandalay Mogok-1 NLD Detained, Released
4 Ohn Kyi Mandalay Myittha-1 NLD Dismissed as MP
5 Khin Htway Kywe Mon Chaungsone-2 NLD
6 Tin Saw Oo Mon Mudon-1 NLD Deceased
7 Hla Hla Moe Pegu Minhla-1 NLD
8 San San Win Rangoon Alon NLD Deceased
9 San San Rangoon Seik Kan NLD Exile in Thailand
10 May Win Myint, Dr. Rangoon Mayangone-2 NLD Imprisoned
11 San May Rangoon Taikkyi-2 NLD Dismissed as MP
12 Khin Aye Myint Rangoon Yankin NLD
13 Hse Hse Sagaing Khamti NLD
14 Khin San Hlaing Sagaing Wetlet-2 NLD Dismissed as MP
15 May Phyo Shan Namtu NLD Deceased

97 MPs Who Passed Away

No Name Constituency State/Division Party Date of Death
1 Fahul Ahmed Maungdaw-2 Arakan NDPHR 08-07-1992
2 Aung Hla Zan Marauk-2 Arakan ALD 30-07-1993
3 Tin Hla Mawlamyainggyun-2 Irrawaddy NLD
4 Hla Myint Thabaung-1 Irrawaddy NLD
5 Si Maung Laymyatna-1 Irrawaddy NLD 30-01-1991
6 Kyi Win, Rtd. Col. Zalun-2 Irrawaddy NLD 11-10-1995
7 Tin Aung Wakema-1 Irrawaddy NLD 1998
8 Kyaw Min Bassein West-2 Irrawaddy NLD 01-07-1999
9 Myint Thein Myanaung Irrawaddy NLD 05-03-2004
10 Thet Wai, Rtd. Col Wa-ke-ma-2 Irrawaddy NUP
11 Sein Tin (F) Shwegun Kachin NLD
12 N. Wam Khan Zau Tawng Tanai Kachin NLD
13 Mya Maung Myitkyina-1 Kachin NLD 16-06-1990
14 Oo Byit Tu Myitkyina-2 Kachin KSNCD 19-05-1998
15 JM Naula Mansi Kachin NLD 21-05-1999
16 Zaw Ein Sumprabun Kachin KSNCD 06-01-2004
17 Tin Myint Karmaing Kachin NLD
18 Saw Tun Pe Hlaingbwe-1 Karen KSNO
19 Saw Tun Lwin Hlaingbwe-2 Karen NLD 10-12-2000
20 Aung Than Papun-1 Karen NLD 00-02-2002
21 Hla Maung, Ex. Lt. Col. Kyainn-seik-kyi-1 Karen POCL, CRPP 27-11-2003
22 Nyunt Sein, Dr. Chauk-2 Magwe NLD 1996
23 Saw Win (Kyaw Zaw Lwin) Htilin Magwe NLD 07-08-1998
24 Aant Kyi Sedoktara Magwe NLD 2000
25 Aung Htoo Gangaw Magwe NLD 26-02-2004
26 Khin Maung Kyi Pauk-1 Magwe NLD 02-01-2005
27 Hla Saw Oo PyinOoLwin-1 Mandalay NLD 29-06-1998
28 Tin Oo Mandalay NE-2 Mandalay NLD
29 Pe Tin Nyaung U-2 Mandalay NLD
30 Than Ni Tada-U-2 Mandalay NLD
31 Cho Nyaung-U-1 Mandalay NLD
32 Ayar Tada-U-1 Mandalay NLD
33 Aung Soe Mandalay NW-2 Mandalay NLD
34 Chit Khaing Thaung Tha-1 Mandalay NLD 01-09-1991
35 Maw Thabeikkyin Mandalay NLD 05-07-1991
36 Hla Pe Pyawbwe-2 Mandalay NLD 16-06-1993**
37 Ba Bwa Amarapura-2 Mandalay NLD 1994
38 Aung Wai, Dr. Madaya-1 Mandalay NLD 07-03-2002
39 Maung Maung Myint Meiktila-1 Mandalay NLD 22-03-2003
40 Maung Maung Myint Yamethin-1 Mandalay NLD
41 Tint Lwin Pyinmana-1 Mandalay NLD
42 C K Taikwe Phalem-1 Chin CNLD
43 Tin Saw Oo (Female) Mudon-1 Mon NLD 14-03-1997
44 Nai Khin Maung Kyaikmayaw-2 Mon MNDF 29-09-2002
45 Hla Aung Monyo-1 Pegu NLD
46 Tun Shwe Monyo-2 Pegu NLD
47 Aye Thegon-1 Pegu NLD
48 Tha Maung Oakpo-2 Pegu NLD
49 Maung Maung Gyi Kyauktaga-2 Pegu NLD 08-02-1991
50 Sein Tun Daik-U-2 Pegu NLD 03-05-1992
51 Mya Lay Kawa-2 Pegu NLD 15-07-1995
52 San Tin Zigon Pegu NLD 15-04-2002
53 San Win Thayawaddy-1 Pegu NLD 22-10-2003
54 Thaung Sein Pyi-2 Pegu NLD 2006
55 Hla Tun Taikkyi-1 Rangoon NLD
56 Saw Mya Thein Hlaing-2 Rangoon NLD
57 Than Kywe Hlaingthaya Rangoon NLD
58 Myint Thein Thingangyun-2 Rangoon NLD
59 Tin Maung Win Kayan-2 Rangoon NLD 18-01-1991*
60 Hla Than Coco Island Rangoon NLD 02-08-1996*
61 Than Win Tanyin-2 Rangoon NLD 1998
62 Tin Ko Ko, Rtd. Col. Htantabin Rangoon NLD 30-05-1999
63 San San Win (Female) Alon Rangoon NLD 07-06-2000
64 Sein Win Dala Rangoon NLD 23-08-2001
65 Ne Oo Lanmadaw Rangoon NLD 28-11-2001
66 Maung Shwe Hlaing-1 Rangoon NLD 04-12-2001
67 Ohn Myint Thakayta-2 Rangoon NLD 2002
68 Tun Ohn Dagonmyothit Rangoon NLD 18-07-2003
69 Wun (Min Thu Wun) Kamaryut Rangoon NLD 15-08-2004
70 Kyi Maung Bahan-2 Rangoon NLD 19-08-2004
71 Saw Kyaw Sein Hlekoo-1 Rangoon NLD 07-11-2004
72 Aung Zaw Dagon Rangoon NLD 18-11-2005
73 Sein Yan Salingyi-2 Sagaing NLD
74 Aung Thaung Phaungpyin Sagaing NLD
75 Khapo Kailon Lahe Sagaing NHRPP
76 Soe Thein (Ex Col.) Sagaing-1 Sagaing NLD
77 Ba Nyein Banmauk Sagaing NLD 05-09-1992
78 Khin Maung Aye Budalin-2 Sagaing NLD 05-09-1992
79 Win Ko Ye-U-1 Sagaing NLD 01-11-1992**
80 Arnt Kyi Chaung-U Sagaing NLD 00-03-2002
81 Tin Maung Kalewa Sagaing NLD 00-03-2002
82 Bo Mingin Sagaing NLD 16-07-2003
83 Kyi Soe (Ex. Lt. Col.) Monywa-1 Sagaing NLD 29-07-2004
84 Dr. Thein Win Kalay-2 Sagaing NLD 15-03-2006
85 Aung Than Pindaya Shan NLD
86 Khun Sai Kutkai-1 Shan NLD
87 Sao Tha Tint Pinlaung-2 Shan SNLD 26-09-1990
88 Sai Kyaw Sein Mongton Shan SNLD 19-04-1991
89 Tun Tin Kehsi Shan SNLD 07-09-1992
90 Ohn Maung, Dr. Mongmit Shan NLD 11-10-1994
91 May Phyo (Female) Namtu Shan NLD 04-11-2002
92 Sai Thar Aye Namkham Shan SNLD 22-02-2005
93 Khin Maung Oo Kyunsu Tenasserim NLD
94 Soe Nyunt Tavoy-1 Tenasserim NLD 10-01-1991
95 HLa Pe Laung Laun-1 Tenasserim NLD 22-01-2005
96 Tun Win Mindon Magwe NLD 31-12-2006
97 Kyin Thein Kyainn-seik-kyi-2 Karen NLD 24-05-2007

Acronyms

CNLD = Chin National League for Democracy
CRPP = Committee Representing the People's Parliament
DOKNU = Democratic Organization for Kayan National Unity
KSNCD = Kachin State National Congress for Democracy
KSNO = Karen State National Organization
LNDP = Lahu National Development Party
MNDF = Mon National Democratic Front
NDPHR = National Democratic Party for Human Rights
NHRPP = Naga Hills Regional Progressive Party
NLD = National League for Democracy
NUP = National Unity Party (Former BSPP)
PND = Party for National Democracy
POCL = Patriotic Old Comrades League
SNLD = Shan Nationalities League for Democracy
SSKDP = Shan State Kokang Democratic Party
UNLD = United Nationalities League for Democracy
ZNC = Zomi National Congress

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Sydney Declaration (2003)

Sydney Declaration (2003)
Special Meeting of the
National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma
and Members of Parliament Union - Burma
6-8 July 2003
Sydney, Australia

Members of the National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma and the Members of Parliament Union-Burma elected in the 27 May 1990 general election held a meeting in Sydney 6-8 July 2003:

Reaffirm that the Tabayin Incident on 30 May was a premeditated attack to eliminate the leadership of the democracy movement ordered by Senior General Than Shwe, chairman of the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC), and members of the SPDC,

Hold Senior General Than Shwe, patron of the rogue organization responsible for orchestrating the ambush, the Union Solidarity and Development Association (USDA), and other USDA executives, who are also members of the SPDC and SPDC Cabinet, fully responsible for unleashing of state terrorism against unarmed political leaders and democracy activists,

Reiterate that Senior General Than Shwe and top leaders of the SPDC, who are resortingto violence and confrontation, are the main stumbling block to national reconciliation and democratization in Burma, and

Urge the international community to be wary of SPDC leaders' propaganda and diplomatic drive aimed at justifying murder and unleashing of state terrorism against the NLD and Daw Aung San Suu Kyi.

In this regard, we, the representatives elected by the people of Burma:

Encourage the UN Secretary General Office and Special Envoy Ambassador Tan Sri Razali Ismail to continue their efforts for national reconciliation in Burma and urge all governments to bring the case of Burma to the United Nations Security Council and facilitate the democratization process in Burma,
Urge all governments that have taken unilateral and multilateral punitive measures against the Burmese military junta to impose sanctions and import bans and to bring Burma issue to the UN Security Council,
Profoundly thank all governments, institutions, organizations, and individuals who have called for the unconditional release of all detained leaders, including Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, and for the immediate resumption of dialogue for national reconciliation in Burma,
Deeply appreciate the European Union, Nordic and Scandinavian countries, the United States, and other nations that have imposed visa restrictions and other punitive measures against the Burmese military junta,
Deeply appreciate the Japanese Government's withholding of Official Development Assistance to the Burmese generals and urge it to continue withholding it until a transparent, accountable, and responsible government of national reconciliation is in place,
Appreciate and commend ASEAN countries which have expressed concern over the detention of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and other leaders, called for their release and for resumption of national reconciliation process in Burma, and supported the initiatives by UN Special Envoy Razali Ismail,
Appeal to ASEAN countries to play an even greater and active role in helping resolve problems associated with national reconciliation in Burma,
- Appreciate the Australian Government for suspending human rights trainings in Burma which the SPDC has been using for propaganda purposes only and request it to comply with the calls by the Burmese communities in Australia for punitive action against the Burmese military junta,
Urge neighboring countries to act responsibly and fully support and cooperate with the UN Special Envoy in his endeavors to bring about national reconciliation in the interests of regional peace and stability,
Deeply appreciate the Australian Trade Unions, the Burmese Community in Australia, and the Australian people for making this meeting possible and for their warm and cordial hospitality, friendship, and support,
Appreciate and encourage Burmese students, democracy organizations, Burma support groups, and Burmese activists and patriots who have come together in unity at the Second International Burmese Students Conference in Sydney 4-7 July 2003 to unanimously express their desire for the quick restoration of democracy and human rights in Burma,
Pledge our firm commitment to increase cooperation with all overseas trade unions, democracy organizations, Burma support groups, students, Burmese activists and patriots, and international institutions until democracy is restored in our country,
Firmly pledge to work even more closely with all ethnic nationality forces and democracy organizations engaging in the struggle for ethnic rights, democracy and human rights in Burma,
Reaffirm our determination to seek the release of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, other detained NLD leaders and members, and other political leaders, and to continue working for democracy in accordance with guiding principles set by the NLD leadership,
Share the grief of families of people who had died in the brutal, premeditated attack near Tabayin on 30 May 2003,
Express firm solidarity with the people of Burma who, despite the hardships and oppression, continue to strive for democracy,
Pledge firm solidarity with all elected representatives in Burma who are continuing to play leading political roles,
Appreciate and encourage Burma support groups worldwide for their divestment, consumer boycott, and shareholder campaigns in support of the Burmese people and the democracy movement,
Appreciate the trade unions, employers, and governments for their role at International Labor Organization conferences to stop forced labor practices and ensure freedom of association in Burma, and
Strongly reaffirm our commitment to continue the struggle until the goal of the democracy movement, which is nothing less than to restore democracy to Burma, is attained

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