Toward Democracy, Human Rights and Federalism

Friday, February 3, 2012

Members of Parliament of 1990 Election (August 2007)

Update August 2007

National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma

Situation Update of Members of Parliament in Burma - Updated on 1st August, 2007

In the contemporary history of Burma, the 1990 General Elections have been recognized as a significant landmark. After 26 years of military dictatorship, the people of Burma got an opportunity to vote for a government of their choice. It was one of the free and fair elections that had taken place in the South-East Asia region at that decade.

But unfortunately, the election-results were not honored by the military regime. While pronouncing it has been going for democratic reforms, the junta has been launching a major offensive upon the opposition NLD since the 1990 elections result materialized. Afterwards, by fair means or foul, the junta's has repeatedly targeted to do away with the people's mandate that was given to the NLD in the 1990 General Elections.

On 30 April 2007, a seminar on Burma held on the sideline of the 116th Assembly of Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) in Nusa Dua, in Bali, Indonesia, had IPU delegates openly acknowledge that the Myanmar military junta’s misrule has a negative spill-over effect on the region and its stability. The Speaker of the Parliament of Indonesia, Agung Laksono, speaking at the seminar titled ‘Military Rule in Burma, Its Effects on the International Community and ASEAN’ said that all Parliamentarians have a genuine and unique role in encouraging the restoration of civil, political and democratic rights of the Burmese people.

“It is very clear that our destinies as neighbouring countries are to seriously address Myanmar’s deteriorating crises without delay,” said Agung, at the seminar jointly organized by the ASEAN Inter-Parliamentary Myanmar Caucus (AIPMC) and the National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma (NCGUB). Presenters at the seminar, held at the Bali International Convention Centre (BICC), the official IPU venue, also encouraged Indonesia and ASEAN to support a United Nations Security Council (UNSC) resolution on Burma.

ASEAN Inter Parliamentary Myanmar Caucus (AIPMC) calls on the military junta to cooperate with ASEAN and the international community to bring about changes and democratic reforms in the country through political dialogue with the NLD and ethnic leaders. The caucus repeatedly calls on unconditional release of all political prisoners in Burma, including Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, ethnic leaders and elected MPs.

Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) also urges the military authorities of Burma to release all MPs-elect still in detention immediately and unconditionally, and to guarantee their physical integrity and respect for their right to freedom of expression, assembly and association as their duty commands. Currently, situation of Members of Parliament in Burma can be observed through the following abstract summary.


Abstract Summary of MPs' Situation State & Division

Elected

Total/NLD


Remain in Prison

Total/NLD


House Arrest

Total/NLD


Exile

Total/NLD


Dismissed/Resigned

Total/NLD


Deceased

Total/NLD
Arakan 26/9 1/0 0/0 2/0 6/4 2/0
Chin 13/4 0/0 0/0 3/0 4/4 1/0
Irrawaddy 51/48 0/0 0/0 3/2 19/18 8/7
Kachin 19/14 1/1 0/0 1/1 5/3 7/5
Karen 14/10 0/0 0/0 1/0 8/7 3/1
Kayah 8/4 0/0 0/0 1/1 3/3 1/1
Magwe 39/39 0/0 0/0 1/1 17/17 6/6
Mandalay 56/55 1/1 0/0 5/4 25/24 15/15
Mon 20/16 0/0 0/0 2/2 8/7 2/1
Pegu 51/47 2/2 0/0 4/3 21/20 10/10
Rangoon 61/59 4/4 0/0 2/2 26/25 18/18
Sagaing 58/52 2/2 0/0 4/4 24/22 12/11
Shan 56/22 2/1 0/0 3/0 12/11 8/4
Tenessarim 13/13 0/0 0/0 0/0 4/4 3/3
Total/NLD 485/392 13/13 0/0 34/20 182/169 98/84

Description of the above ''Table''
♦ Parliamentarians who passed away in custody:
1. Tin Maung Win, NLD MP, Kha-yan Constituency (1), Rangoon Division, passed away on 18 January 1991.
2. Hla Than, NLD MP, Coco Islands Constituency, Rangoon Division, died on 2 August 1996.
3. Saw Win (a.k.a) Kyaw Zaw Lin, NLD MP, Htee Lin Constituency, Magwe Division, died on 7 August 1998.
♦ Parliamentarians who passed away soon after their release:
1. Kyaw Min, NLD MP, Bassein West Constituency (2), Irrawaddy Division, passed away on 1 July 1999.
2. San San Win (F), NLD MP, Ahlone Constituency, Rangoon Division, passed away in 2000.
3. Hla Maung POCL MP & CRPP Member, Kya-in Seikkyi Constituency, Karen State, passed away on 27 Nov. 2003.
♦ Parliamentarians who were assassinated:
1. Win Ko, exiled NLD MP, Ye Oo Constituency (2), Sagaing Division, was assassinated in Kumming, China, on 1 November 1992.
2. Hla Pe, exiled NLD MP, Pyaw Bwe Constituency (2), Mandalay Division, was assassinated outside Bangkok, Thailand, on 16 June 1993.
♦ Parliamentarians who remain in prison:
• Although international community calls for releasing all political prisoners immediately and unconditionally, the military regime has still kept on detaining 13 MPs in its notorious prisons as yet.
• Out of 13 MPs in prison, 11 belong to the NLD.
• Please find the details of 13 imprisoned MPs in the following table as of 1st August, 2007.

13 Members of Parliament Who Remain in Prison No Name States/Divs Constituency Party Date of Arrest Prison Remark
1 Zaw Myint Maung, Dr. Mandalay Amarapura-1 NLD 00-11-1990 Myitkyina 37 Years
2 Khin Maung Swe Rangoon Sanchaung NLD 05-08-1994 Myingyan 7 Years
3 Than Nyein, Dr. Rangoon Kyauktan-1 NLD 28-10-1997 Prome 8 Years
4 May Win Myint, Dr. (F) Rangoon Mayangon-2 NLD 28-10-1997 Insein 7 1/2 Years
5 Naing Naing Rangoon Pazundaung NLD 00-08-2000 Insein 21 Years
6 Kyaw Kyaw, Dr. Pegu Yetashe-1 NLD 18-09-2002 Taungoo 19 Years
7 Aung Soe Myint Pegu Toungoo-1 NLD 31-08-2003 Thayet 7 Years
8 Khun Tun Oo Shan Hsipaw-1 SNLD 09-02-2005 Putao 93 Years
9 Kyaw Khin Shan Taunggyi-1 NLD 25-02-2005 Taunggyi 14 Years
10 Kyaw Min Arakan Buthidaung-1 NDPHR 17-03-2005 Insein 47 Years
11 Kyaw San Sagaing Tantse NLD 17-03-2005 Insein 7 Years
12 Saw Hlaing Sagaing Indaw NLD 30-03-2005 Kathar 12 Years
13 Khin Maung Win Pegu Oktwin-2 NLD 31-03-2006 Insein Detention

Notable Notes:

♦ (1) Dr. Zaw Myint Maung(age 56), elected representative of Mandalay Division – Amarapura Constituency, has been serving a lengthy jail term at Myinkyina Prison, is said to be quite ill. Zaw Myint Maung has been suffering from severe indigestion and unable to eat properly, according to his wife Dr. Yu Yu May. He has been in junta’s jail since November 1990. He was imprisoned for his alleged participation in discussions about the formation of a parallel government in Mandalay, in November 1990 and was sentenced to 25 years under Penal Code Article 122 (1) at a military tribunal with no legal representation. He is believed to have been deprived of food and sleep during interrogation. He was one of a total of 24 prisoners were given further prison sentences on 28 March1996 in connection with their circulation of news within the prison, their preparation of a magazine, and their attempts to report on human rights violations in the prison. He was alleged to have written two poems and to have signed a petition for the release of Aung San Suu Kyi. While authorities investigated, he and others were held in cells designed for military dogs, made to sleep on concrete floor without bedding during winter months, and deprived of food and water. He was held in a dog cell between November 1995 and May 1996. The group of 24 was also reportedly denied legal representation at their trial. He was then sentenced to additional 12 years imprisonment. He is being held at Myit-kyi-na prison in Kachin State in remote northern Burma. He received 21,119 valid votes as 66.35 % in the 1990 elections.

♦ (2) U Khin Maung Swe( age 65), representative-elect of Sanchaung Constituency , Rangoon Division, was arrested in November 1990 for his involvement in forming a provisional government.. He was charged under Penal Code Article 122 (1) in April 1991 and sentenced to ten years imprisonment, and was released from Insein Prison on 1 May 1992 in accordance with SLORC Declaration No. 11/92 of 24 April 1992. U Khin Maung Swe was rearrested on 5 August 1994 in connection with Dr. Khin Zaw Win who was imprisoned earlier that year under the Official Secrets Act. Dr. Khin Zaw Win was accused of attempting to smuggle abroad ‘state secrets’ which included a Burmese translation of ‘Freedom From Fear’ by Daw Aung San Suu Kyi. He was sentenced to seven years imprisonment under Penal Code Article 109 and the 1950 Emergency Provision Act. The Election Commission dismissed U Khin Maung Swe as an MP on 18 December 1995 and banned him from running in future elections.U Khin Maung Swe worked as Secretary of the Workers’ Union of Myanmar Oil Corporation during the 1988 uprising. He was dismissed from his job for defying a SLORC Declaration for civil servants to return to work. Following the 1988 uprising he became a member of the NLD Central Executive Committee, Chairman of the NLD Central Working Group for Labour and Chairman of the NLD’s Central Information Department. He received a Geology degree from Rangoon University in 1966 and worked as a geologist from 1966-1988. U Khin Maung Swe received 28,944 valid votes as 77 % in the 1990 elections.

♦ (3) Dr. Than Nyein (age 70), representative-elect of Kyauk-tan Constituency-1 , Rangoon Division, was imprisoned on 28 October 1997 for organizing a meeting of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and the NLD Youth Wing. He was given another one year additional sentence under Act 10A on 18 January 2007. It was the sixth time the junta sentenced him under Act 10A. According to his wife Daw Khin Aye, Dr. Than Nyein who is being detained in Prome (Pyay) prison, has been suffering from chronic liver cirrhosis and cancerous prostate. The prison authorities do not allow Dr. Than Nyein to meet specialist physicians for his prostate and liver complaints for nearly 3 years. He has put into prison for 7-year term on 28 October 1997 and already finished it since 2004.

Daw Khin Win Shwe, wife of ousted Gen. Khin Nyunt, is the younger sister of Dr. Than Nyein. He received 17,018 valid votes as 64.95 % in the 1990 elections.

♦ (4) Although Dr May Win Myint (F) (age 58) was arrested on 28 October 1997 following an attempt by the NLD to hold a meeting with Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and NLD youth in Ma-yan-gone Township in Rangoon. She finished serving her 7½ years prison term in 2004, but was given another one year additional sentence under Act 10A on 31 January 2007. It was the sixth time the junta sentenced her under Act 10A. She has been suffering from eye, blood and heart diseases, and she has to be taken to the hospital monthly for medical check-ups. On 12 April, she was taken to the Rangoon General Hospital, for the treatments of the worsening throat diseases she has been enduring, according to her family. Dr. May Win Myint boycotted the National Convention in December 1995 along with other NLD MPs, and is the Secretary of Mayangone Township NLD. She graduated in Medicine from Rangoon Institute of Medicine in 1976 and worked as a part-time Doctor for North-Okkalapa and Kyauktada Co-operative Clinics from 1978-1981 and also at Rangoon General Hospital from 1981-1983. From 1983-1988 she worked at the Handicap Hospital. Dr. May Win Myint received 28,513 valid votes as 74 % in the 1990 elections.

♦ (5) U Naing Naing (age 65), is the chairman of the Pazundaung township NLD and representative-elect of Pazundaung Constituency-1, Rangoon Division. He received a B.A. degree and a Diploma in Management & Administration from Rangoon University in 1966 and worked as a manager in government’s trade cooperation from 1967-1983.He was arrested in November 1990 for his involvement in forming a provisional government. He was charged under Penal Code Article 122 (1) in April 1991. As a result he was imprisoned between 1990 and 1999. U Naing Naing was rearrested on 14 October 2000 for his alleged involvement in the preparation of a statement calling for the release of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, and for the lifting of restrictions on the National League for Democracy. He was sentenced to 21 years under 1950 Emergency Provision Act 5 [j]. He received 14,107 valid votes as 79.36 % in the 1990 elections.

♦ (6) Dr. Kyaw Kyaw (age 56), is the chairman of the Ye-da-she township NLD and representative-elect of Ye-da-she Constituency-1, Pegu Division. He is a dentist by profession as he obtained a Bachelor Degree in dental surgeon in 1978. When 1988 People’s Uprising broke out, as a leader of the Ye-da-she township boycott-camp, he took responsibility avoiding from destructive activities. On September 18, 2002, the No 2 Military Intelligence Unit and Yedashe Township Forestry Department searched the residence of Dr Kyaw Kyaw and found seven Pyingado wooden planks in his compound left over when he constructed a new home as well as 398 short strips of teak (.33 ton) in his kitchen which the dentist was stocking to use as parquet flooring for his new home. He was arrested the same day and charges were filed against him with Yedashe Township Court under the Forestry Act. The court later changed the charges and sentenced him in 2004 to serve 19 years in prison. While in prison, Dr Kyaw Kyaw suffered heart problems and was sent to a prison ward for treatment. He is now (June 2007) reported to be recovering. He received 15,874 valid votes as 57.91 % in the 1990 elections.

♦ (7) U Aung Soe Myint (age 55), is the secretary of the township NLD and representative-elect of Toungoo Constituency-1, Pegu Division. During the 1988 uprising, he was a member of the Central General Strike Committee of the Taungoo District People’s Liberation Alliance. He graduated from Rangoon Institute of Economics with a degree of commerce and from 1975-1988 he operated his own business.. He was detained without charge or trial on 21 May 1999, possibly in connection with NLD calls to convene parliament. He was released from SPDC’s so-called guest house on 21-6-2001. But, on 31 August 2003, He was rearrested and sentenced to 7 years imprisonment under a false traffic act. U Aung Soe Myint has been suffering from diabetes and high blood pressures even before he was arrested and imprisoned in 2003. His condition became worse when he was incarcerated in Taungoo Prison. Regardless of his bad health, the junta first transferred him to Thayet Prison which was far away from his family home. Then, when his condition deteriorated, he was again transferred to the notorious Insein Prison in Rangoon in January 2005. U Aung Soe Myint was among the NLD representatives who boycotted the National Convention in December 1995. U Aung Soe Myint received 21,369 valid votes as 67.75 % in the 1990 elections.

♦ (8) Khun Htun Oo (age 64), chairman of the Shan Nationalities League for Democracy (SNLD), member of the Committee Representing People’s Parliament (CRPP) and representative-elect of Hsipaw township constituency-1, was detained on 9 Feb. 2005 together with 7 other Shan leaders. He and his colleagues were prosecuted under charges of treason, reportedly for initiating political discussions on the National Convention. Members of the group are reported to have been charged under a law promulgated in 1996 (Law 5/96), which provides for up to 20 years imprisonment for anyone who directly or indirectly complains, criticize or propagandize anything to disrupt the stability of the state, or to make people misunderstand the purpose being implemented by the National Convention. This is believed to be the first prison sentence imposed under this law. However, the SNLD party opposed the SPDC's National Convention while other Shan ceasefire groups are attending the convention. Khun Htun Oo was sentenced to 93 years imprisonment on 3 November 2005. He had attended the National Convention and had frequently proposed the concept of federal union during the previous meetings in the Convention. U Khun Tun Oo studied Law at Rangoon University for two years and was the personal assistant of the Indonesian Military Attaché from 1967-1977. Khun Tun Oo received 5,268 valid votes as 50 % in the 1990 elections. Khun Htun Oo also insisted that he was not guilty of the charges against him, as the authorities might dislike him and suspect him of something but there was no reason for him to be seditious or to be discrediting the government. As a chairman of a political party, he said, he had worked well with the government for nearly 15 years without any trouble. He said he was quite surprised that he had been accused of committing such crimes.

♦ (9) U Kyaw Khin (age 68), Central Executive Committee member of the NLD Shan State Branch, was arrested on 5 June 1996 for urging the military junta to sit at the dialogue table together with the NLD leaders and sentenced to 10 years in prison. U Kyaw Khin was arrested for recording and distributing video and audio tapes containing foreign news reports and documentaries on Burma and charged under the 1985 Video Act and was sentenced on 15 August 1996 to three years imprisonment, and was given an additional seven years under the 1950 Emergency Provision Act, Article 5 (j). He was released from Thayet prison on 3 January, 2005. However, he was rearrested since he shared a list of International Awards won by Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, to a school girl who wants to know about those awards. He was rearrested on 25 February 2005 and sentenced to 14 years imprisonment. U Kyaw Khin is currently under detention. He was boycotted the National Convention on 28 December 1995 along with other NLD representatives. Before 1988, U Kyaw Khin obtained a Bachelor of Science degree. He worked for a trade corporation and at the Phar-kang jade mine in Kachin State before moving to Taunggyi in 1972. After the 1988 uprising he joined the NLD and was appointed Taunggyi Township NLD organizer as well as a member of the Shan State NLD.

♦ (10) U Kyaw Min (age 54), the representative-elect (MP) of Butheetaung Township constituency (1), belongs to the National Democratic Party for Human Rights (NDPHR) and a member of the CRPP, was detained on 17 March 2005, A statement was released by CRPP on last Union Day, in which U Kyaw Min took in active part. Besides, he met with ILO delegation, which visited Burma on 21st to 23rd of February 2005. He was sentenced to 47 years imprisonment on 29 July 2005. His wife, two daughters and a son were also sentenced to 17 years respectively. The junta banned the NDPHR under order No. 8/92 on 18 March 1992, and at that time U Kyaw Min was a member of the party’s Central Executive Committee. U Kyaw Min received a Bachelor of Economics degree from the Rangoon Institute of Economics in 1968, and in 1969 he began working as a teacher. In 1983, he received a Diploma in Education and served as the Deputy Head of Buthidaung Township Educational Department. In 1985 he became a middle school principal but was dismissed from the position in 1989 because of his involvement in the August 1988 uprising. U Kyaw Min received 30,997 valid votes or 74 % in the 1990 elections.

♦ (11) U Kyaw San (age 75), National League for Democracy (NLD) chairman of Sagaing Division and the elected representative (MP) of Tant-se Township Constituency, has been detained since 17 March 2005 in Insein Prison. He was sentenced to seven years in prison on 6 June for allegedly keeping illegal goods belonging to Democratic Karen Buddhist Army (DKBA) which signed ceasefire agreements with the ruling junta. Although DKBA leader Col Saw Chit Thu, in a letter to the court, testified that the goods had nothing involved with Kyaw San, the judge did not take into account. As a 75-year old person, his health situation is poor. Moreover, this is his second time in jail. Lt. Col. Kyaw San(Retired) was arrested in January 1992 after the Sagaing Division NLD released a statement supporting the decision to award Daw Aung San Suu Kyi the 1991 Nobel Peace Prize. After he refused to withdraw the statement, the authorities sentenced him to seven years imprisonment. He was released from Insein Special Prison in February 1995, along with U Tin Oo and U Kyi Maung, on the 50th anniversary of the founding of the Burmese Army. The Election Commission dismissed him as an MP in 1994. Lt. Col. Kyaw San joined the Army in 1949 and he retired as a Lieutenant-Colonel in January 1986. During the 1988 uprising he was involved in the Army Veterans Association and was later a Central Committee member of the now banned POCL. He is still under detention. Lt-Col Kyaw San received 18,862 valid votes as 79 % in the 1990 elections.

♦ (12) U Saw Hlaing (age 51) was the NLD representative-elect (MP) of Inndaw Township constituency in Sagaing Division. U Saw Hlaing was arrested and imprisoned after he attended a secret meeting on 29 September 1990 in Mandalay to form an interim government. He was charged under Penal Code Article 122 (1) and was freed from Insein Prison on 27 May 1992. The Election Commission dismissed U Saw Hlaing as a Member of Parliament on 23 December 1991 and banned him from running in future elections. In 1976 he was sentenced to nine years imprisonment because of his involvement in the 1976 Thakhin Ko Daw Hmine demonstration. He was released in 1978 under an amnesty. U Saw Hlaing has a Bachelor of Arts degree majoring in Philosophy and a Master of Arts degree. In 1982 he became a Higher-Grade Pleader in 1987 he qualified as a High Court Advocate. He was arrested by Military Intelligence and released from so-called guest hours on 13 July 2001. was arrested for his active political role, he was charged with keeping broken “unlicensed” computers according to his family. He was arrested on 30 March 2005 and sentenced 14 years in prison on 26 May 2005 accusing him of breaking Publication Act 16 & 20 at the Kathar District Court. U Saw Hlaing was not allowed to see a lawyer during trial.U Saw Hlaing received 27,598 valid votes as 79 % in the 1990 elections.

♦ (13) U Khin Maung Win (age 63), is the chairman of Oaktwin Township NLD and representative-elect (MP) of Oaktwin Township Constituency (2), Pegu Division. He was arrested under charge of illegally holding a party meeting on 22 July 1991, but the authorities later charged him under the Gambling Act. He was released from Taungoo Prison on 1-8-2001. He finished high school in 1962 and in 1966 attended Deputy Police Officer Training at the Central Institute of Civil Services in Phaunggyi. From 1967 he worked as a Sub-Inspector of Police in Toungoo District until he resigned from the Police Force in 1978. U Khin Maung Win received 12,357 valid votes as 63 % in the 1990 elections.


34 Members of Parliament in Exile No Name Constituency State/Division Party Currently In
1 Sein Win, Dr. Paukkaung Pegu PND USA
2 Bo Hla-Tint Mogok-2 Mandalay NLD USA
3 Mya Win Ingabu-1 Irrawaddy NLD USA
4 Tun Oo Kyaukkyi Pegu NLD USA
5 Zahlei Thang, Dr. Falam Chin CNLD USA
6 Peter Limbin Pyin Oo Lwin Mandalay Independent USA
7 Lian Uk Haka Chin Independent USA
8 Maung Maung Latt Bilin-1 Mon NLD USA
9 Sai Win Pay Mong Hsu Shan SNLD USA
10 Khin Kyaw Han Yenangyaung-2 Magwe NLD USA
11 Duwa Zaw Aung Waingmaw Kachin NLD USA
12 Than Sein Pale-1 Sagaing NLD India
13 Thang Lian Pau Tonzang Chin ZNC India
14 Tint Swe, Dr. Pale-2 Sagaing NLD India
15 Oo Tha Noe Rathedaung Arakan ALD India
16 Maung Maung Aye Mandalay NE-1 Mandalay NLD Australia
17 Daniel Aung Mong Ping Shan LNDP Australia
18 Tin Tut Einme-1 Irrawaddy NLD Australia
19 Teddy Buri Loikaw-2 Kayah (Karenni) NLD Australia
20 Bo Thaung Yinmabin-1 Sagaing NLD Norway
21 Kyaw Thwin Kayan-1 Rangoon NLD Norway
22 Naing Thaung Shein Kawkareik-2 Karen MNDF Netherlands
23 Sann Aung, Dr. Ingabu-2 Irrawaddy Independent Thailand
24 Thein Oo Mandalay SW-2 Mandalay NLD Thailand
25 Khun Markoban Pekon Shan DOKNU Thailand
26 San San (Female) Seikkan Rangoon NLD Thailand
27 Myo Win, Dr. Kawa-1 Pegu NLD Thailand
28 Tin Tun Aung Yinmabin-2 Sagaing NLD Thailand
29 Chit Tin Minhla Magwe NLD Thailand
30 Hla Oo Kyauktaga Pegu NLD Thailand
31 Saw Tarutu Pha-saung Kayah (Karenni) NUP Thailand
32 Aung Tun Sein Ponnagyun Arakan ALD Thailand
33 Win Hlaing Tatkon-2 Mandalay NLD

Thailand
34 Khun Myint Tun Thaton-1 Mon NLD Thailand



Total MPs in exile = 34 (as of 1st August 2007)

Remark: There may be some MPs who came out of the country holding passports issued by the military authorities as they agreed to stay away from anti-junta politics. They visited foreign countries in order to do business or to take medical treatment there. They never declared themselves as dissidents or exile MPs against the SPDC.

╬ U Win Hlaing(age 44) is a former central executive committee member of the NLD Youth Wing and became youngest MP in 1990 Elections as he was born on 27 November 1963. He escaped from Rangoon to Thailand in February, 2007. He spent over 8 years in junta’s notorious prison from October 1990 to January 1999. U Win Hlaing was arrested in 1990. Following the 1990 election, U Win Hlaing was responsible for implementing the youth strategies contained in the NLD’s Three Ways to Attain Power (3 Strategies Paper) which was compiled in case the SLORC refused to hand over power. U Win Hlaing was arrested by the MIS and charged under the 1950 Emergency Provision Act Articles 5 (a), (b) and (j) and sent to prison. The Election Commission dismissed him as a Member of Parliament on 20 December 1991. U Win Hlaing graduated in Physics and is a High Court advocate. He was in charge of the NLD (Youth) Working Committee and was also a member of the NLD Central Committee. U Win Hlaing received 25,894 valid votes or 71 % in the 1990 elections.

╬ Khun Myint Tun(age 44) was arrested by the Military Intelligent personnel in May of 1996 under charges of high treason as he is a Member of Parliament belongs to the NLD. U Khun Myint Tun was arrested by the SLORC in May 1996 with 19 other people, including U Do Htaung (MP, Kale-1, Sagaing Division). He was accused of contacting Dr. Tint Swe of the India-based NLD-LA and was charged with disturbing the state’s peace and stability and sentenced to seven years imprisonment. Later the SLORC found out that U Khun Myint Tun had met with a journalist from the Australian Broadcasting Corporation in April 1996 at Daw Aung San Suu Kyi’s house and that he had given the journalist a video cassette of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi’s weekly speeches. U Khun Myint Tun was then sentenced to an additional three years for breaching the 1985 Video Act, along with U Kyaw Khin (MP, Taunggyi-1, Shan State).Khun Myint Tun graduated in Geology from Rangoon University in 1983. After he finished studying he ran his own business with his parents and worked as an assistant teacher. U Khun Myint Tun received 25,075 valid votes as 76 % in the 1990 elections.


15 Lady MPs of Burma No Name State/Division Constituency Party Remark
1 Sein Tin Kachin Shwegu NLD Deceased
2 Nan Khin Htwe Myint Karen Pa-an-3 NLD Detained, Released
3 May Hnin Kyi Mandalay Mogok-1 NLD Detained, Released
4 Ohn Kyi Mandalay Myittha-1 NLD Dismissed as MP
5 Khin Htay Kywe Mon Chaungzon-2 NLD
6 Tin Saw Oo Mon Mudon-1 NLD Deceased
7 Hla Hla Moe Pegu Minhla-2 NLD
8 San San Win Rangoon Ahlone NLD Deceased
9 San San Rangoon Seikkan NLD Exile in Thailand
10 May Win Myint, Dr. Rangoon Mayangon-2 NLD Imprisoned
11 San May Rangoon Taikkyi-2 NLD
12 Khin Aye Myint Rangoon Yankin NLD
13 Hse Hse Sagaing Hkamti NLD
14 Khin San Hlaing Sagaing Wetlet-2 NLD Dismissed as MP
15 May Phyo Shan Namtu NLD Deceased



Click Here, 98 MPs Who Passed Away, pdf format document

Prepared By Zin Linn, Information Unit, NCGUB, Bangkok, Updated August 1, 2007

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